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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎180] (323/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Outbreak of
piracy in the
lower Persian
Gulf, 1798-
1805.
180
There were also dissensions and difficulties among the principal states
of the Gulf, notwithstanding the fact that the territorial integrity
and even the independence, of most of them except Persia were threatened
by the progress of the Wahhabis. In 1798 there was tension between
the Saiyid of 'Oman and the Pasha of Baghdad, arising out of a
pecuniary claim by the former against the latter, and the Saiyid made
preparations for blockading Basrah ; but a settlement was in the end
reached by mutual agreement without the assistance of the British
Resident at Basrah, whose good offices were at first invoked by the
Turks. In 1799 the Saiyid of Oman, encouraged by the Persian
Governor of Fars, made an attack upon the shipping of Bahrain, which
Shaikhdom he was ambitious of subjecting to his own authority : but
the ruler of Bahrain was induced by the Shaikh to Bushehr to place him
self under the protection of Persia. Saiyid Sultan then proceeded to
indemnify himself for the deception practised on him by the Persians by
occupying Kharag Island, which belonged to Persia and was generally
held by the Shaikh of Bushehr as a part of his government ,• and he
contrived to retain possession of it until the next year. In 1800-01
the ruler of Oman successfully seized, and for a time administered,
the Bahrain Islands; and in 1802, having been dislodged, he again
managed to establish himself in possession ; but he ultimately failed to
make good his footing, and on his departure the Shaikhdom came under
the domination of the Wahhabis. At the end of 1804, on the death
of Saiyid Sultan of Masqat, the Persian port of Bandar 'Abbas and its
dependencies, which he held on lease from the Persian Government, were
seized by the Bani Ma'in, an Arab tribe but Persian subjects; and
another dispute, dangerous to the peace of the Gulf, thus came into
being.
It was in these circumstances of disturbance and confusion that Arab
pirates, who may hitherto have been employing themselves quietly in
harrying native shipping, were emboldened to turn their attention to
British vessels and so became conspicuous. The seizure of the
Bassein " and the unprovoked attack on the " Viper " by the Qawasim
i 1797, already referred to, were premonitory symptoms of trouble;
and it cannot but be supposed that the negligence with which both
cases were treated by the British authorities encouraged the commission
ot fuither offences. The next instances of lawlessness were not precisely
piratical; they consisted in the plunder, in 1803, of the British ships
Hector and Alert which had gone ashore on the Persian Coast,
by the Arab Shaikh of Nakhilu and his subjects; and in these partial

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎180] (323/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575942.0x00007c> [accessed 25 May 2018]

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