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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎292r] (14/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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uesidenct and muskat political agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80.
In October, Shaikh K gso ., Clucf of Bahraiiij proceeded on th© pilgrim-
a ge to Mecca and returned in Januaiy. In February, 'Ali-bin-Nasir, one
of the persons arrested and taken to India in 1869, was released from
Aden and proceeded to Busrah and the Nejd Coast.
Several families of the Dawawadah tribe removed in 1879 from
El -Kateef to Bahrain, and about 300 of the Na 'eem tribe formerly
residing at Zobarah also settled on the islands.
On the whole the year as regards Bahrain may be said to have
passed satisfactorily.
4.— Nejd, El-Hasd, El-Katr.
Nejd. —Accordino' to trustworthy reports received during the past
autumn from the interior of Nejd, 'Abdullah-bin-Feysal, who has conti
nued to reside at Riadh, has succeeded in greatly improving his position.
The two elder sons of Su'ood-bin-Feysal have been residing at Biadh
and have become adherents to his cause. 'Abdullah has kept up a friendly
correspondence with Sa'eed Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. , Governor of El-Hasa, and has come
to a friendly understanding with Ibn-RasMd, the powerful Chief of
Jebel -Shamar, and other Nejdean Shaikhs, and presents have been
(exchanged. Some younger sons of Su'ood are said to be ready to
revive the family feud, if they can obtain sufficient support. It seems
the impression in the best informed quarters that 'Abdullah-bin-FeysaVs
star is in the ascendant, and that he will probably ere long establish his
authority more securely and widely. More importance and interest may
again attach to Nejd than of late years.
El-Hasd. —Sa'eed Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. , whose nomination to be Mutaserrif or
Governor of El-Hasa was mentioned in the previous report, had earned
the good-will of the inhabitants and a reputation as a good administrator.
He was, however, the nominee of Abdullah Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. , lately removed from
the Government of Busrah, and shared the fall of his patron. The
successor was Sa'eed Heg, who took charge for the second time in autumn.
Sa'eed Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. directed an expedition against Jabeyl, a fort belonging to
the Ameyer tribe who had been implicated in plundering and piracies
about Kateef. The fort was sacked, and eventually the Ameyer submitted
to Sa'eed Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and gave hostages for future good behaviour. The Beni-
Hajir seem to have defied his authority, and a respectable merchant of
El-Hasa was waylaid and murdered by Za'eed-bin-Mohammed.
Sa'eed Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. visited El-Bida'a on the Katr coast in the Turkish gun
boat Zsiw/r/ma in May, and had interview's with Jasim-bin-Mohammed-
bin-Thani, Nasir-bin-Mobarik, and other notables.
El-Katr. —With exception of the case of piracy referred to under
Bahrain, the Katr Coast has been unmolested. It was reported in October
that Za'eed-bin-Mohammed Hajiree was prowling about the neighbour
hood of 'Odeyd in search of a boat to put out to sea with a view to
plunder, and that the Shaikh of Wakrah had embarked to intercept the
robbers; but no mischief resulted in this case.
In November a section of the Al-bu-Kuwarah, under Mohammed-bin-
Sa'eed, dismantled their habitations at El-Bida'a and removed to Foweyrat
further north on the Katr Coast. The move seems to have resulted
from a quarrel between Mohammed-bin-Sa'eed and Jasim-bin-Mohammed-
Thani. A good understanding exists between the Al-bu-Kuwarah and
i. ill' 1 1; ilM i l/llit' »

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [ Wahhābī A follower of the Islamic reform movement known as Wahhabism; also used to refer to the people and territories ruled by the Al-Saud family. ] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎292r] (14/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000010> [accessed 14 April 2024]

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