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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎310r] (50/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and muskat political agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80. 39
el -Koot. The plantations of all others were confiscated, and Snleiman-
bin-Majid placed as Governor of £1-
L J Hasa. This affair contributed much
to the extension and stability of the M ahabee power, and offers of sub
mission came from all sides; the Amir, nevertheless, thought it prudent
to endeavour to conciliate the Turkish Wali, by amicable overtures and
the despatch of valuable presents of horses, &c., to Baghdad.
After the settlement of the affair of El-Hasa, Su'ood proceeded on
[Mengin.] a pilgrimage to Mecca accompanied by
A.D. 1800. some 4,000 armed followers; and in the
year 1800 he repeated the pilgrimage.
During the year 1800, an attack was threatened by the Wahabees
on the possession of the Sultan of Muskat, and Seyyid Sultan went to
Eis-el -Kheymah to concert means of frustrating the intention. The
[Government Selection.] following year a Wahabee force under
[Mengin.] Salirn El-Hark, one of the Amir's
Memlooks, invaded 'Oman.
In the year 1801 Sn'ood-bin^Abdul 'Azeez marched with 20,000
men to Kerbela, which town he entered
A.D. 1801. on 20th of April. The male in
habitants were put to the sword, the tomb of Hoosein demolished, and
immense booty secured. The slaughter and pillage having lasted for
eio-ht hours, the Wahabees withdrew from the town the same afternoon.
The 'Uttoobee Shaikhs of Bahrain having been attacked in 1801 by
[Mengin.] the Sultan of Muskat, fled to Zobarah
a.d. 1802. on the mainland and sought the assist-
[Government Selection.] ance of the Wahabee Amir which
was accorded in 1802, with the result of recovery of the islands by the
Bahrain Chief, who, in return, engaged to pay tribute to the Wahabee.
At this period the latter dominated the entire coast-line as far as the
Batinah on the Gulf of 'Oman. Several of the 'Oman tribes embraced
the Wahabee faith and became tribu-
a.d. 1803. taries of the Amir, and the conclusion
of a truce alone saved the independence of the Sultan of Muskat.
A quarrel having occurred between the W ahabee Chief and Ghalib,
the Shereef of Mecca, in the year 1803 A.D., Su'ood-bin-'Abdul 'Azeez
marched with a force of Wahabees, and after reducing Tayif, entered
Mecca at the head of his army on the 1st of May of that year. 1 hough
appearing as declared enemies of the Shereef, the Wahabees, howevei,
did not on this occasion demean themselves as a hostile force, but enteied
the town in the guise of pilgrims, and strictly refrained from plundei-
ing, or otherwise molesting the general body of the inhabitants. At the
same time they proceeded, in pursuance of their religious convictions,
to raze to the ground " all the large tombs in the city which the people
generally worshipped and believed in, so that there did not lemam an
idol to be adored in that pure city. Then the taxes and customs we
abolished, all the different kinds of instruments for using tobacco we
[Jtounml R, A. S. OJ Bengal for destroyed, next we burned the dwellings
1874.] of those selling hasheesh and living in
open wickedness, &c., &c."

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [ Wahhābī A follower of the Islamic reform movement known as Wahhabism; also used to refer to the people and territories ruled by the Al-Saud family. ] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎310r] (50/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000034> [accessed 12 April 2024]

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