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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎310v] (51/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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40 adm int stk ation repout op the persian gulp political
After placing- a Governor of his own selection over Mecca, Su'ood
advanced towards Jiddab, but an epidemic of dysentery having 1 broken out
. n among-st his men, he was forced to re-
[Mengm.] tum to Nc ^_
During the same year Shaikh Selman-bin-Ahmed, Chief of Bahrain,
appears to have visited the Wahabee Amir, taking- with him a con
siderable sum to be offered as tribute, which, however, was remitted.
fMenffin 1 Seyyid Bedr, a member of the Muskat
ruling family, had also been previously
a guest of the Amir.
The Amir Wbdul ^Azeez may be said to have at this period attained
to the zenith of his power, all Central Arabia, except the isolated city
of Medina, having acknowledged his supremacy. He now turned his
attention to the Muskat principality, and prepared for its invasion. This
design, however, was frustrated, and his career ended by his murder, on
AD 1803 O^ 0 ^ 61 ' 1803, by a Persian
Seyyid, at the age of eighty-two years.
On the death of the Amir ■'Abdul ^Azeez his eldest son Su'ood was
„ , ,recognized as the successor, and issued
Su ood-bm- Abdul Azeez. 0 , .. . . , . ,
a proclamation promising strict protec
tion of life, property, and commerce throughout his dominions.
In the course of the following year the Amir Su'ood plundered
. D 1sn . the environs of Busrah and sent forces
to Ras-el-Kheymah on the ""Oman Coast
to levy a share of the booty taken by the piratical cruisers of that place.
In 1807 he marched to Meshhed-'Ali, but was foiled in an attack on
A D 1807 wa ^ e ^ town, and forced to retreat.
Two years later he collected an army of
30,000 men with the intention of attacking Baghdad, and had actually
commenced his march, when disturbances in his own territories led to the
abandonment of the design. In the same year Su'ood made the pilgrimage
to Mecca, for the third time, at the head of 50,000 of his people. On the
p Men . return journey he visited Medina, which
had now submitted to his authority.
During the three preceding years Su'ood had acquired a footing,
through his agents, in many parts of the 'Oman principality, and under
shelter of the Wahabee power the piratical depredations of the Jowasim
and other maritime tribes extended so as even to threaten the coasts of
India. This led to the interference of the British Government and the
despatch of a naval and military expedition against Ras-el-Kheymah
in 1809, resulting in the capture and punishment of that place.
In 'Oman the Wahabee arms continued to gain ground, and about
A.D. 1810 ^ ear -^10' during the Amir's
absence on an expedition into 'Irak
at the head of 30,000 men, his sons Sa'ad, Nasr, and Toorkee, and his
agent, Mutlak El-Muteyree, joined by a Ghafiree Shaikh, Mohammed-
bin-Nasir, penetrated to Matrah, and afterwards to Soor and Ja'alan,
[Records 1 where they were opposed by the Beni-
bu-Hasan tribe, whilst the Beni-bu-'Ali
adopted the Wahabee faith.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [Wahhābī] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎310v] (51/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000035> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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