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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎65r] (141/481)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Wauabi Relations with H.M. Government, 1800-1818.
24. The first relations of H M. Government (as represented by the Government
of India and the Government of Bombay) with the Wahabi Amirs date from ]805.
The Wahabis had reached the sea coast with the conquest of Hasa in 1795, and
had subsequently extended their control along the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. between 1800 and
1803. The piratical activities of the Trncial Sheikhs (responsibility for which
was in some quarters ascribed to the Wahabis) led in 1806 to a British punitive
expedition against them. The expedition subdued the Jowasimis and concluded
a treaty with their chief. Despite the fact tiiat the Wahabis were suspected of
being the moving force behind the activities of the Jowasimis, the instructions
given to the Resident were to refrain from proceedings which might be displeasing
to the Wahabi Amir. But it is noteworthy that the treaty concluded with the
Jowasimis in 1806 was concluded with them as independent Sheikhs and without
reference to, or the interference of, the Amir.
Punitive Expedition against the Jowasimis of 1809-181 (J.
25. Further outbreaks of piracy, both before and after the removal of the
Jowasimi chief by the Wahabis and the substitution of a Wahabi vicegerent, led to
a combined expedition against the Jowasimis by Great Britain and Muscat in
1808-10. The expedition succeeded in its objects, but it was conducted with a Nejd Precis
degree of caution and forbearance towards the Wahabis, probably now, as §
previously, the real motive force behind the pirates, which rendered its results of
little permanent value. The instructions given to the Resident were that he should
"be careful to make it in due time fully known to the Wahabi and all the officers of
his Government that it was our sincere wish to continue at all times on terms of
friendship with him and the other States of Arabia, desiring only to provide for the
security of the general commerce of the seas, and of the Gulf of Persia in particular,
so long and so unjustifiably interrupted by the Jowasimis, in breach also of a
positive treaty concluded with their Chief in 1806. . . . The just support of our
ally, the Imam of Muscat, cannot reasonably give offence to any other State or
(Correspondence with the Wahahi Amir, 1810.
26. The Wahabi Amir having in 1810 entered into correspondence with the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, in regard to the punitive operations which had been
undertaken against the Jowasimis, in which he expressed his desire to maintain Nejd Precis
relations of amity and concord with 11.M. Government, the Government of Bombay, § 25.
addressed him in the following terms (letter from the Honourable Mr. Duncan dated
9th August 1810):—" The British Government receives with satisfaction the
expression of your desire to maintain with it the relations of amity and concord—a
desire in which it cordially participates and has uniformly manifested. It is there
fore proper that I should assure you that the late expedition to the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
•did not originate in hostility towards you, but was, as above noticed, directed
solely to the destruction of the pirates who had, in direct breach of their own
positive engagements and with an entire forgetfulness of the former instances of
condescending lenity manifested towards them, long infested the seas in that
quarter, plundering vessels and murdering subjects of all nations indiscriminately,
for the British Government does not concern itself with the hostilities carried on
by you against the members of the Mussulman faith, on account of their alleged
deviation Irom the ordinances of the Koran, and its power will alone be directed
against those who, exercising the detestable profession of piracy, are the common
enemies of all nations,
' Ihe channel of communication between us being now open, 1 request you will
continue to afford me the pleasure of hearing of your prosperity and success.
British Tlef iisal to assist Muscat against Wahabis, 1810-1811.
27. In 1810, and again in 1811, on the Sultan of Muscat appealing for assistance Nejd Precis,
^gainst the \\ ahabis and representing that his recent co-operation with the British §
overnment had involved him in perpetual and implacable war with them, in which
6 trusted that the British Government would not remain neutral, the Government
llK *ia replied that the British Government had always considered itself to be at
Peace with the Wahabis, their late co-operation with the Sultan not having been in
prosecution of war against the Wahabis generally, but merely for the extirpation of

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The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.

The volume includes:

There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).

Extent and format
1 volume (234 folios)

The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [‎65r] (141/481), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/415, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 November 2019]

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