'File 10/3 VI Qatar Oil Concession' [66v] (144/481)
The record is made up of 1 volume (234 folios). It was created in 25 Jul 1934-14 Jan 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
38. In 1834 Turki was murdered. He was succeeded by his son, Feisal bin
Turki. In 1837 Mehemet Ali sent an expedition into Nejd to reduce the Wahabi
Amir and replace him by the pretender Khalid. After two years of fighting, the
Egyptians accomplished their object in 1839. The Wahabi Amir surrendered in
Lor. I 1097 1838, and was sent a prisoner to Egypt. In 1840 the Egyptians again withdrew
from Hasa, leaving the puppet Amir Khalid as its tributary Governor.
39. The principal events in the relations between the Wahabi Amirs and H.M.
Government and the rulers of Eastern Arabia during this period are described
Wahabi Relations with Muscat, 1824-1840.
40. Between 1824 and 1830 the Sultan of Muscat was principally busied with
unsuccessful endeavours to reduce the Sheikhs of Bahrein. In 1.^29 he suffered a
severe defeat at the hands of the Bahreinis and made peace with them. In 1831,
in the hope of forwarding his designs in Bahrein, he sent an embassy with
presents to the Wahabi Amir.
41. In 1833 the Sultan, with the encouragement of the Government of India,
made a general agreement with the Wahabis, by which he undertook to pay a
zakat of 5,000 dollars a year. A condition of the agreement was that each should
hold possession of his coast according to the limits then existing ; the Muscat coast
extending to Jaalan, and the coast of the Amir to Qatif. Reciprocal assistance was
also promised in putting down rebellion. There is nothing to show for how long
the tribute continued to be paid.
42. No other events of importance affecting Muscat took place until 1839. In
face of the Egyptian invasion and the threat which is constituted to Eastern Arabia,
the Sultan oAluscat, with a view to promoting his designs in Bahrein, which he had
never abandoned, was then at first disposed to co-operate with the Egyptians, but
on becoming aware of the hostility to Egyptian advance of the British Government,
he associated himself with the views of the latter and refused a demand for
assistance made upon him by the Egyptian Commander in Nejd.
Lor. I, 1096.
Lor. 1, 456.
Lor. I, 457.
Wahabi Relations with Trucial Oman, 1824-1840.
Wahahi Overtures, 1824.
43. Immediately on the revival of the Wahabi power in 1824, the Wahabi Amir
opened correspondence with all the Sheikhs of the coast, inviting them to renew
th e relations which had existed prior to the overthrow of the Wahabis by Ibrahim
Pasha. The Jowasimi Sheikh of Shargah appears forthwith to have opened
n 0 Sol negotiations with the Wahabis. " This measure he did not attempt to conceal, but
XXIV,316- assigned self -preservation as his only motive for adopting it.' Matters do not,
9, 437. however, appear to have proceeded far, and in November 1825 the Sheikh enquired
Lor. I, 687. 0 f the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. whether Great Britain would help him to maintain his
Neid Pivcis independence against the Wahabis. He was informed in reply (see paragraph 52
§ 35. below) that he was the best judge of his own interests, but that no connection or
authority would be accepted in excuse of predatory proceedings, while action
against Muscat would be considered unfriendly by H.M. Government
Disputes heticeen Muscat, Ahu Dhahi, and Shargah over Baraimi, 1824-1826.
44. It may be recorded that in 1824-25 considerable difficulties arose locally
between the Sultan of Muscat, the Sheikh of Shargah aud the Sheikh of Abu
Dhabi, over the occupation of the towers of Baraimi, which had apparently been
re-occupied by the Trucial Sheikhs on or shortly after the downfall of the Wahabis
in 1818.° Bv a solemn treaty the towers in question had previously been declared
Bo. Sel. neutral, and on their occupation by Shargah the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, whether in
XXIV, 317- concert with or independently of the Sultan of Muscat is not clear, had taken up the
319 ; 465. m atter. In December 1S24 a reconciliation was negotiated by the Resident, under
whicb the Sheikh of Shargali was to destroy the towers, the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi
• It should, however, be noted that Lorimer (I, 450) records a successful raid at some tin^
ayparentlj, between 1821 and 1828 . . . by Saad bin Mutlaq, Wahabi, from Baraimi on the Hajriys 1
tribe " to avenge their slaying of his father Syed bin Mutlaq (paragraph 19 above).
About this item
The volume mainly contains correspondence, telegrams and memoranda exchanged between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and with the Foreign Office, the Secretary of State for India, the Sheikh of Qatar and the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) on the boundaries of Qatar and the Qatar Oil Concession.
The volume includes:
- correspondence between APOC and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on the Qatar Oil Concession, mentioning the opportunity to build a refinery in Qatar;
- information about Bahrain [Buraini)] and its surroundings, with list of tribes which paid Zakah to Ibn Saud in 1922 and the Amir of Hasa in 1926, which includes number of men, camels and sheep for each tribe (ff. 45-56);
- 'Historical Memorandum of the relations of the Wahabi Amirs and Ibn Saud with Eastern Arabia and the British Government, 1800-1934' , published by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. on 26 September 1934, containing a printed map 'APPENDIX C. MAP SHOWING THE EXTENT OF WAHABI AND OF MUSCAT POWER, 1865 ' (ff. 61-91A);
- draft of Qatar Oil Agreement attached to 14 January 1935 letter from A.P.O.C. to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
There is an index at the end of the volume (folios 216-228).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (234 folios)
The papers in the volume are arranged chronologically. There is an index at the end of the volume, (folios 216-228). The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is in pencil on the top right corner, encircled. The numbering starts on the first page of writing, then 90, 91A, 91B, 92; and then carries on until 233, which is the last number given on the back cover. There is a second foliation, in pencil on the top right corner, starting on folio 27 (numbered 17); and ending on folio 214 (numbered 201).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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