'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part III)' [15v] (24/30)
The record is made up of 1 file (15 folios). It was created in 2 Dec 1881. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
the use, under shelter of the Turkish flag, of El
Bidaa and other ports of the Arab coast as bases
for piratical expeditions against Bahrein, whether
such expeditions are, or are not, undertaken with
the secret connivance of the Turkish authorities,
from whom, as from the Porte, experience has
shown it to be useless to look for redress.
" Lord Hartington accordingly proposes, if Lord
Granville concurs, to approve the orders which
have been issued by the Government of India, which
appear to His Lordship to be judicious and proper
under the circumstances.
" It may then be for the consideration of Lord
Granville whether the papers should not be com
municated to Her Majesty's Ambassador at Con
stantinople, with authority, at his discretion, to
intimate in distinct terms to the Turkish Govern
ment the course which Her Majesty's Go
vernment have decided to adopt in the event of
aggression upon Bahrein from El Bidaa or else
The opportunity was at the same time taken to
call attention to this Office letter of the 24!th March,
relative to the instructions proposed to be sent to
India on the general question of the repression of
piracy in the Gulf. It was observed: —
" The papers now under notice seem to Lord
Hartington to furnish strong evidence in support of
the course proposed, while it appears to His Lord
ship to be most undesirable that Her Majesty's
Political and Naval officers in the Gulf should
longer b^-left without specific instructions for their
guidance in circumstances which may occur at any
moment, and be attended with consequences very
detrimental to British interests and credit."
Lord Grantille concurred with Lord Hartington
in approving the proceedings of the Government of
India in the matter of the threatened aggression on
Bahrein, and that Government was informed ac
cordingly on the 26ih August.* Her Majesty 's * Secret, No. 31.
Ambassador at Constantinople was also authorized
to intimate at his discretion to the Turkish Govern
ment the purport of the orders which had been
issued with the approval of Her Majesty's Govern-
nie T Ilt ;t . . . t From Foreign Office, 18th August 1881.
intermediately a decision was at last taken on Home, No. 595.
the question of maritime procedure.
On the 11th July the Admiralty were requested
by the Eoreign Office, after further reference to the
Law Officers of the Crown, "to modify the in- t Memo Part II n 48
" structions issued in May 1879,J by which the *'
" naval officers in the Gulf were prohibited, under
"certain conditions, from taking hostile action
" within Turkish territory, or its waters, and to
" instruct them not to allow themselves for the
" future to be too much hampered by the three
"mile limit in pursuing and capturing pirates"
" especially as the Turkish authority on the coast is
"at many points, of a very shadowy description."
It ^was added, " they will scrupulously avoid any
About this item
A printed memorandum written and compiled by Adolphus Warburton Moore for the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and dated 2 December 1881.
The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, how to respond toTurkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's commitments with local rulers (in Bahrain and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy).
The document summarises correspondence from the previous two years (1879-1881) that had dealt with the matter, beginning with an outline of the opinions of officials from the main departments and institutions involved: the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (whose opinion Warburton represents). Other correspondents include officials from the Residencies and Agencies in both the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Turkish Arabia, as well as the Ambassador at Constantinople.
The documents cover several topics, including:
- The threat to Bahrain from the Beni Hajir tribe and Ottoman ambitions to extend their sovereignty to the island, including the Turkish plan to build a coal depot on the island as a pretext to further political involvement;
- Questions of how to police the waters under Turkish authority;
- How Britain should deal with Shaikh Jasim [Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thāni] of El Bidaa [Doha];
- Turkish claims to parts of the coast of Guttur [Qatar].
The document concludes with the perceived outcomes of the discussions, including closer ties with the ruler of Bahrain, who, in December 1880, agreed not to open relations with any foreign power other than Britain.
The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (15 folios)
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation for this description commences at folio 4 and terminates at folio 18, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between folios 4-197; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the bottom right corner of each folio.
Pagination: the document also has an original printed pagination sequence.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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