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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎304r] (642/845)

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The record is made up of 3 volumes (404 folios). It was created in Mar 1888-9 Jun 1890. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Soii-
have a trumpet ami 2 men for the purpose of frightening the people of Oman,
but that the Commandant refused.
No. 82, dated Bushire, the 7tli April 1889.
from Colonel E. C. Ross, c.s.i .. Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Secretary to the Governmeftt of India, Foreign Department, Simla.
I have the honor to forward a translation of the marginally noted report
from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Asrent, Bahrain, relat-
Ne. 56. dated 2nd April 1889. . ^ ^ of E1 . Katrt
No. 66, dated the 2nd April 1889.
From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Bahrain,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
4/ter Compliments. —The latest news about Katr is that the Naeem have
advised Jasim-bin-lhani to shift from Meeseymeer to Meesheyreeb near Bida,
on the ground that the former place is about 2 hours distance from Bida while
the latter is only 5 minutes. It appears that Jasim has acquiesced in their
suggestion. The Naeem have represented to him that the main force of Zaeed's
army will be concentrated on Bida, and that if Jasim finds the enemy too
strong to cope w r ith it in an open field, he can then easily battle the enemy from
within the fort, by removing his force into it.
While at Messeymeer, Jasim sent for some Turkish soldiers who went to
him and returned. His object is to sound them as to whether they will join him
in the coning struggle.
The people at Katr believe as certain that Zaeed has already commenced
his march towards Katr with 1,500 men, so Jasim has despatched spies in all
directions to watch the approach of the enemy. The rumour is that Jasim
has with him about 4,000 men, and 200 horsemen, besides some Turkish sol
diers and a portion of the Naeem, the mercenaries of the Sheikh of Bahrain; and
the impression is that Jasim's men will fight to the last. But the majority are
of the opinion lhat his men are not willing to fight, but that they have been
compelled to take up arms. It is also said that the Turkish soldiers will not
leave their fort, but others again think that in case of an emergency they might
come out and go to Nayjah to protect the wells'. Nayjah is more distant from
Bida than Meesheyreeb.
Owing to strong shammal, no one has come from Katr with news from
that place.
No. 88, dated Bushire, the 15th April 1889.
From— Colonel E. C. Ross, c.s.i ., Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
To—The Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department.
I have the honor to forward translations of further reports noted on the
No. 52. dated 28th March 1889. margin, received from the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent
58, „ ioth April 1889. at Bahrain, regarding the impending en-
" 69 ' " llth D0, counter between Shaikh Jasim and Shaikh
Zaeed of Abu Thabee.
No. 52, dated the 28th March 1889.
From—The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Agent, Bahrain,
To—The Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
A man by name Mulhan-al-Hassawee has arrived here to-day from Katr
and has brought the following intelligence. It is 8 days, he says, since he left
17

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Content

The volume contains memos, reports and correspondence exchanged between the British officials in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and his Agents at Sharjah and Bahrein [Bahrain], the Ruler of Katr [Qatar], Shaikh Jāsim bin Muḥammad Āl Thānī, and the Ruler of Abu Dhabi, Shaikh Zayid bin Khalīfah, discussing hostilities between the two rulers, occurring between 1888 and 1889. The hostilities were initially due to the dispute on the sovereignty over Al Udaid [’Odaid, Qatar] considered to be Abu Dhabi property, and provoked attacks and raids. The main events dealt with in the volume are the attack of Bedouin from Abu Dhabi on Al Bida [Qatar] during which twenty-four men were killed including Ali, Shaikh Jasim's son, and the subsequent Qatari attack to Dhafrah [Abu Dhabi].

The volume also contains copious letters in Arabic (with English translations) sent to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. at Bushire by local rulers.

Extent and format
3 volumes (404 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically, from the earliest letter in the file at the front to the most recent letter in the file at the back.

Physical characteristics

Condition: three bound volumes.

Foliation: The foliation sequence runs through three volumes as a single continuous series. It commences at the title page of volume one with 1, 1A and 1B, and terminates at the last folio of volume three with 402; these numbers are written in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'33 File 665 Hostilities between Shaikh Zaid and Shaikh Jasim' [‎304r] (642/845), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/189, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023939620.0x00002a> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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