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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎15] (32/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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western boundary of Kalat was drawn to tbe east of Kuhak; but no
opinion was expressed as to the position of tbe Persian frontier. Kuhak
was occupied by Persian troops in May 1874. [See Baluchistan, Yol. XI.)
In 1870 a convention* was come to between Turkey and Persia with
reference to the transportation of corpses to the sacred places in Mesopo
tamia. A period of three years was fixed as the limit to the delay in
In 1871 the border disputes between Persia and Turkey were revived,
negotiations ensued, and finally it was arranged that refugees on the
border should be removed to such a distance in the interior of each State
as should prevent their carrying on intrigues. It was also agreed that
a Perso-Turkish commission should assemble at Constantinople for the
purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of the Articles of Agree
ment signed at Erzerum in 1847 (Appendix Xo. X): and that delegates
on the part of England and Russia should be present to assist those of
Persia and Turkey in coming to a complete understanding; but owing 1
to the dilatoriness of the Porte the commission never met.
In 1873 Persia concluded a commercial treatyt with Germany, and
in 1875 two conventions with Turkey: the first+ having reference to the
import of salt and tobacco, and tbe second § regulating the position of
the subjects of the twm powers in their respective States.
In 1876 troubles were renewed on the Turko-Persian frontier at Khoi
and Zohab, which were claimed both by Turkey and Persia ; they con
tinued in the following year and resulted in the presentation by the
Persian Government of their grievances against the Porte, which were:
— first, the continued occupation by Turkey of Kotaur (Kutur), seized by
Darvesh Pasha in 1849 when on his way to join the frontier commission
at Baghdad, and, in spite of the repeated protests of the Persian Govern
ment, still held by the Porte, and also of Banzargan, Deiri, Mahmudi,
Akhorak, Chibaktu and Khazina; second, the ill-treatment to which
Persian pilgrims were subjected; third, the non-execution of the promise
made that Abbas Mirza should be removed from Baghdad ; and fourth,
the delay in delimiting the frontier. In the same year the island of
Shahleh in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , claimed by Persia, was occupied by Turkey,
but evacuated on an agreement being entered into by the Persian
Government that it should not be cultivated or occupied by Persian troops
pending the final settlement of the respective claims to it.
* Concluded at Baghdad and signed by Midhat Pasha, Governor-General of
Baghdad, and Mushir-ud-Daula Mirza Hussain Khan, Persian Ambassador at
t Appendix No. XIV.
+ Appendix No. XV.
S Appendix No. XVI.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎15] (32/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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