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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎25] (42/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA— Telegraphs. 25
In 1890 Jacques Poliakoff: of St. Petersburg obtained a concession
for a loan bank and “ Mont de Piete Some years later tbe bank,
winch had practically become an agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. of the Russian State Bank,
changed its title to “ Banque d’Escompte.” By the Russo-Persian
treaty of 1921 this Bank became the property of the Persian Govern
ment. It has now been replaced by the newly formed National Bank.
A law governing the creation of an Agricultural Bank was passed at the
end of 1930.
In 1895 the French Government obtained a concession granting them
in perpetuity the exclusive right of searching for objects of antiquarian
interest in Persia. This concession has now been annulled by common
In 1899 a mining concession in the district of Karadagh in the pro
vince of Azerbaijan was granted to Russian capitalists for TO years.
Ihe mines are said to contain coal, copper and lead.
In 1901 Mr. William Knox D’Arcy secured an exclusive concession
for the exploitation of natural gas, petroleum, asphalt and ozokerite
throughout the Persian Empire, with the exception of the five provinces
of Gilan, Mazanderan, Khorasan, Astarabad and Azerbaijan. This con
cession was for 60 years and covered an area of 500,000 square miles.
In 1909 a Company, known as the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, was
formed to take over and operate the concession.
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Submarine Cable and Khanikin-Bushire Line. In
1861 proposals were made for a Convention between the Indian and
Persian Governments for the construction of a telegraph line from the
Turkish frontier through Persia to Bandar Abbas, to connect with a
line from England to India; but in 1862 the Persian Government
declined the terms offered. The route through Persia was therefore
abandoned, and the Turkish and Indian lines were connected by a sub
marine cable in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . After the failure of the negotiations
of 1862, the Shah decided on constructing an alternative line at his
own cost from Khanikin through Tehran, Isfahan and Shiraz to meet
the other line at Bushire: and for this purpose he concluded an Engage
ment (No. XXVII) in 1863 to place the construction and working of the
line for a time under the superintendence of a British engineer officer;
to purchase the materials from the British Government; and to allow
the British Government the use of the line on payment of specified
In 1863 a treaty was signed between Turkey and Persia, establishing
a line of telegraph between the two countries with the point of junction
at Khanikin. On account of the uncertainty of the exact frontier line,

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎25] (42/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 August 2019]

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