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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎26] (43/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA— Telegraphs.
two further conventions in regard to their respective telegraph lines
were concluded between Persia and Turkey in 1803 and 1804.
Khanikin-Bush ire 2nd Line. By a Convention (No. XXVIII) exe
cuted at Tehran in 1805, the Persian Government agreed to the erection
of another wire on the Bushire and Khanikin line, to he used for inter
national messages only, the necessary materials to be provided by the
British Government and paid for in five yearly instalments. It was
further agreed that the establishment should be paid by the British
Government, though the protection of the line was to remain w ith I eisia .
and that all receipts up to 30,000 tomans a year should be credited to
Persia, the surplus, if any, being made over to the British Government
for the cost of their establishment. As the receipts did not amount to
this sum in any one year, the cost of establishments and maintenance,
Ps. 1,20,000, fell entirely on the British Government. In 1868,
however, ’ the’ Persian Government grantedt a 25-year concession to
Messrs. Siemens for the construction and management of a telegraph
line between Julfa and Tehran: and in 1869, by a “treaty”* con
cluded with Mr. George Siemens on behalf of the Indo-European Tele
graph Company, they added a concession for the erection and working
of a telegraph line between Shiraz and Bandar Abbas, to expire on the
1st January 1905, and extended the term of the Julfa-Tehran concession
to the same date. These agreements included arrangements by which
the British Government were relieved of a portion of the charges on the
Khanikin-Bushire line. Under these, arrangements the Company
agreed to pay the Persian Government a fixed annual subsidy of 12,000
tomans in lieu of the 30,000 tomans formerly credited to Persia by the
British Government; to deduct from this subsidy an annual instalment
of one twenty-fourth of the debt due by Persia to the Biitish Govern
ment on account of the cost of construction; and to pay that sum to the
British Government. It was agreed that, until that debt was liquidated
or so long as the British Government held the concession of the line, the
Company should also pay them a moiety of the surplus m excess of
the subsidy of 12,000 tomans a year. It was further agreed that, if the
Convention of 1865 was not renewed to the British Government, the
Company were to have the concession. But in the case of its renewal
they were to receive from the Persian Government (Article 1 of
“ Treaty ” of 24th May 1869, Appendix No. XXXII) two-thirds of the
receipts accruing from the international messages sent on the whole line
* The arrangement of 1863 (1280) which was made between Naniik Pasha,
(Governor General of Baghdad, and Mirza Husain Khan, Persian Minister at
Constantinople, fixed the point of junction on the Turco-Persian frontier for the
new through telegraph line by way of Khanikin: and the arrangement of 1864
(1281) was made for the same purpose between Ali Pasha, Turkish Minister foi
Foreign Affairs, and Mirza Husain Khan, Persian Minister at Constantinople.
(Only Turkish copies of these Conventions are procurable.)
t Appendix No. XXXI.
I Appendix No. XXXII.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎26] (43/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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