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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎205] (222/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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W^hen the Persian army appeared before Herat, Dost Muhammad
Khan was not disinclined to welcome a power from which he expected
support in his designs against the Sikhs and in In's attempts to recover
Meanwhile Lord Auckland had sent a mission to Kabul under Captain
Burnes. The mission was professedly a commercial one, but had also in
view the checking of the advanc e of Persia and the establishment of peace
between the Amir and Kan jit Singh. Dost Muhammad, however, was
unable to obtain from the envoy the assurance, which he hoped for, of the
good offices of the British Government in procuring the restoration of
Peshawar; and he therefore turned to the Russians, from whom he hoped
to obtain greater advantages than from an English alliance.
To check these aggressive measures on the part of Persia and Russia,
the British Government of India determined to interpose a friendly power
in Afghanistan between their frontier and Persia, by re-establishing the
Sadozai dynasty at Kabul and maintaining the independence of Herat as a
separate State. It was believed that Shah Shuja would be welcomed
by a powerful party in Kabul, to whom the Barakzai rule was odious.
The restoration of the exiled monarch was resolved on, and with this
object the tripartite treaty of Tune 1838 (see Punjab, Volume I) between
the British Government, Ranjit Singh and Shah Shuja was executed.
In May 1839 Shah Shuja was crowned at Kandahar, and shortly afterwards
Dost Muhammad surrendered and was carried a prisoner into India.
The welcome, however, which was expected for Shah Shuja from the
people was not given. He was supported entirely by British bayonets.
Insurrections soon broke out, which ended in the destruction of the small
British force at Kabul and the murder of Shah Shuja. These disasters
were retrieved by Generals Pollock and Nott who, with avenging armies,
forced their way, the one by the Khyber Pass, and the other from
Kandahar by Ghazni, to Kabul. Having vindicated the honour of the
British arms, the British army evacuated Afghanistan. Dost Muham
mad was released and permitted to return to Kabul, and the Afghans
were left to form any government they might choose.
The tripartite treaty between the British Government, Ranjit Singh
and Shah Shuja contained a clause guaranteeing the integrity of Herat;
and, on the entry of the British troops into Afghanistan, Eldred Pottin-
ger, through whose military talents and energy the efforts of the Shah
of Persia to take Herat had been defeated, was appointed Political
Agent. V ar Muhammad, however, chafed under the restrictions which
the British mission placed on his tyranny, more particularly on his
traffic in slaves. He made secret overtures to Persia and to the Kanda
har Sardars, who had taken refuge in Persia, for a league to expel Shah
Shuja and the British from Kabul. Another Agent, Major D’Arcy
Todd, was sent to Herat in 1839 under instructions from the envoy at
Kabul to negotiate an alliance with Shah Kamran. In June 1839

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎205] (222/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 August 2019]

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