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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎198] (521/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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The High Contracting Parties mutually agree to the opening of five consulates
of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic on Afghan territory and of
seven consulates of Afghanistan on Russian territory, of which five shall be within
the boundaries of Russian Central Asia.
Note. —In addition to the above, the opening of further consulates and consular points
in Russia and Afghanistan shall be arranged in each particular case by special agreement be
tween the High Contracting Parties.
Russian consulates shall be established at Herat, Meimen, Mazar-i-Sharif,
Kandahar and Ghazni. Afghan consulates shall be established as follows :—
A Consulate-General at Tashkend and consulates at Petrograd, Kazan, Samar
kand, Mery and Krasnovodsk.
Note. —The manner and time of the actual opening of the Russian consulates in Afghan
istan and of the Afghan consulates in Russia shall be defined by special agreement between
the two Contracting Parties.
Russia agrees to the free and untaxed transit through her territory of all kinds
of goods purchased by Afghanistan either in Russia herself, through State organ
isations, or from abroad.
The High Contracting Parties recognise and accept the freedom of Eastern
nations on the basis of independence and in accordance with the general wish of
each nation.
In confirmation of Clause VII of the present treaty, the High Contracting
Parties accept the actual independence and freedom of Bokhara and Khiva, what
ever may be the form of their government, in accordance with the wishes of their
In fulfilment of and in accordance with the promise of the Russian Socialist
Federated Soviet Republic, expressed by Lenin as its head to the Minister Pleni
potentiary of the Sovereign State of Afghanistan, Russia agrees to hand over
to Afghanistan the frontier districts which belonged to the latter in the last cen-
tury, observing the principles of justice and self-determination of the population
inhabiting the same. The manner in which such self-determination and will
of the majority of the regular local population shall be expressed shall be settled
by a special treaty between the two States through the intermediary of Pleni
potentiaries of both parties.
In order to strengthen friendly relations between the High Contracting Parties,
the Government of the Russian Socialist Federated Soviet Republic agrees to give
to Afghanistan financial and other assistance.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎198] (521/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 August 2019]

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