'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [73v] (151/739)
The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
No. 58— oontd.
Chikishliar to Askabad,
Names of stages.
Olum is at the fork of tlie Sumbar and Chandar
rivers, and is protected on both sides by their
deeply-cut beds. The climate is good. Water
| tolerable. Russian fort garrison here to protect
the bridge over the Sumbar.
Six hours. Road across ri 7er, and through hilly
region. Water at Beg Tapa clear and pleasant.
Heavy road for infantry. Six and-a-half hours*
Tarsakan is an important place, as it commands
the source of the Sumbar.
Waterless road and very dusty in summer. Mar-
gis is a small plateau, surrounded by trees, with
a few wells with saline water.
Five hours. Road broken, but could easily be
made excellent. Country hilly. There^ is an
alternative road from Tarsakan to Khwaja Kala
by Kara Kala, 30f miles long. Kara Kala has-
numerous wells. Water bad. Khwaja Kala is-
in a beautiful valley ; water good and place
Road between two parallel ranges of Kopet Dagh^
Clayey soil and plenty of water.
At 8 miles road crosses Kozlinski or Bendesen
pass of Kopet Dagh (5,000'). Very difficult and
steep. Requires improving (1879) for passage of
vehicles ; 17 hours ride for cavalry. Bami is 2
miles from the mouth of the pass, and contained
(1879) 500 kibitkas. Water abundant.
A large rivulet runs through Beurma. Road to it
level, with one nullah to be crossed j^st before-
Beurma; but it is not difficult.
, No water on the road.
PassSunehaat 8| miles; Begardan at 14 miles.
Fields and cultivation begin at Suncha and extend
to Askabad. Road level.
Pass Kariz-Verdi Khan at 10 miles.
Also called Yezan-Batir-Kala. Two forts. Kafir
Kala and Isha-Bashi are passed on the way.
These were all destroyed by the Russians in 1880-
About this item
The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).
The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].
The information given for each route comprises:
- number of route;
- place names forming starting point and destination of route;
- authority and date;
- number of stage;
- names of stages;
- distance in miles (intermediate and total);
- remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).
An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.
The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.
An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (367 folios)
The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
Use and share this item
- Share this item
'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [73v] (151/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100024054420.0x000096> [accessed 19 August 2019]
Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.
<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100024054420.0x000096">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎73v] (151/739)</a> <a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100024054420.0x000096"> <img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000001491.0x000114/Mss Eur F111_371_0149.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" /> </a>
Copyright: How to use this content
- Mss Eur F111/371
- 'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, 2r:58r, 59r:232r, 232r:233r, 234r:361v, back-i, 363r:363v, 365r:369v
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
- Usage terms
- Open Government Licence