Skip to item: of 739
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎275r] (554/739)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (367 folios). It was created in 1898. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

No. 217— co7ifd.
Tehran to Astrabad, via Amxd y Barfarush y Sari and Ashraf,
Names of stages.
i if MILES.
R emakks .
A mul

Road for first (5 miles north along bank ; 60
to 60 feet above stream slopes becoming gradual
ly more wooded and less precipitous as valley
descends. Thence, still following left bank of
Haras, mad passes over firm grand turf. Valley
open with fine park-like scenery to 12 miles.
Thence to 14 or 15 miles road is deep and heavy
in forest of alder, oak, elm, which fills valley of
Haras, and rises to 4,000' or 5,000' up mountain
slopes. At 14 miles cross canal by stone bridge
and pass village of Alam-Sar. 8 houses. The new
road from Tehran and Dainavand, followed so far,
here falls into the old track. Thence to Amul
the track runs north beside the Haras, over un-
dnlating country, well cultivated with rice.
Canals numerous but shallow, and fields slightly
fenced. The Haras or Haras-chai has a good
sound gravelly bed, and is fordable everywhere,
except after spring floods. Country descends to
within 5 or 6 miles of Amul. Canals make it
difficult to cross. The banks of river are high and
well wooded.
Ouseley says of that stage
For first 3 miles road runs in bed of stream, on
over short pieces of causeway, in places not more
than 3 or 4 feet broad, cut in steps on the side of
the hill, and formed of layers of wood and stone
placed on deep clay, the natural soil of the hill.
This causeway is almost impassable to horsemen
and laden mules, and is fast .falling into utter
decay. Commencing at the third mile, there is
a stretch of this kind for 2 miles on left bank.
The hills commence to be wooded 2 miles after
leaving Parnsp. The remains of an ancient and
more substantial road, built up against the solid
rock on the other side of the stream, are visible,
and are probably the work of Shah Abbas ; but
earth-quakes and torrents have nearly destroyed
it, and travellers prefer the modern causeway
although the distance by it is greater. At 5
miles the valley through which the stream flows
to the plain expands to 400 yards, and road pro
ceeds down bed of stream in northerly direction.
At 11 miles stream emerges from valley, and 5
miles beyond Amul is reached.
# # »

About this item


The volume is a Government of India official publication entitled Routes in Persia. Section III. Compiled in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India (Simla: printed at the Government Central Printing Office, 1898).

The volume contains details of all land routes (numbered 1-247) in Persia starting from Russian territory and extending south as far as a line drawn from Karmanshah [Kermānshāh] south-eastwards through Burujird [Borūjerd], Isfahan [Eşfahān] and Yazd to Karman [Kermān], and thence north-east to Khabis [Khabīş] and Neh to Lash Juwain [Lāsh-e Juwayn].

The information given for each route comprises:

  • number of route;
  • place names forming starting point and destination of route;
  • authority and date;
  • number of stage;
  • names of stages;
  • distance in miles (intermediate and total);
  • remarks (including precise details of the route, general geographical information, and information on smaller settlements, local peoples, agriculture, condition of roads, access to water, supplies of wood, and other routes).

An appendix within the volume (folios 356-359) and two separately-stored sets of loose sheets (containing routes numbers 77 (a) and 140-A, folios 363-369) give information too late for incorporation in the body of the work.

The volume also contains pockets attached to the front and back inside covers for maps. These consist of an index map showing the limits of each of the three sections of Routes in Persia (folio 2) and an index map to the routes in Section III (folio 361). There is also a fold-out map of the route from Seistan [Sīstān] to Mashad on folio 232.

An ink stamp on the front cover records the confidential nature of the publication and that it was being transmitted for the information of His Excellency the Viceroy (Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin and 16th Earl of Kincardine) only.

Extent and format
1 volume (367 folios)

The volume contains an alphabetical cross index (folios 6-17), and an alphabetical index to names of places (folios 18-25).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates on the last page of the loose supplementary sheets (found in the small grey folder within the main folder); these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the volume also contains a printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [‎275r] (554/739), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 July 2020]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'ROUTES IN PERSIA. SECTION III' [&lrm;275r] (554/739)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src=" Eur F111_371_0554.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image