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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎41r] (86/298)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (145 folios). It was created in 16 Jul 1930-11 Jul 1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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- 2 -
were suspected at the time until by chance one of them was
Police and the imir of Manamah obtained clues as to the
existence of the gang. One by one they were traced and MM&M
arrested. Police investigations revealed that the same men
were implicated in a series of murders and dacoitry terminating
with the attack on Shaikh Earned and a raid on a village two
miles from Manamah shortly afterwards.
The investigations required very careful handling. The
position of the Police was extremly delicate as the principals
in the crimes were members of the Ruling Family with influence
in the highest places. Haji Salman, Superintendent of the
irab Police, deserves particular credit for his work in the
case and for the undoubted risks which he ran.
Eventually the murderers themselves were tried in the
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. Court, being foreign subjects. Most of them confessed
and they were found guilty and sentenced to various terms of
penal servitude. The general public, with little knowledge
of legal niceities, considered that the men should have been
excuted especially because they had made an attempt on the
life of the Ruler. During the trial one of the accused
tried to escape and was shot down by the guards. In the
course of the trials the accused gave evidence against the
Khalifa Shaikhs who had ordered them to commit the offences.
H. E. Shaikh Earned was informed of the accusations
made against his relations and after some consideration he
decided that they too should be tried, by the Bahrain Court,
augmented for the occasion by Shaikh Abdulla bin Isa A1 Khalifa.
Shaikh Kamud bin Subah was found guilty of instigating
an attack on the house of one of his tenants at Tubli, eight
years ago. The o?/ner of the house was killed. Ee was
sentenced to pay Rs corresponding to 7 ^*^ 0 Riyials, blood
money, according to Arab Custom. The son of the murdered
man refused to accept it, demanding a life for a life, and
though he was urged many times to take the money he persis-
a boat at the end of 1928. The Local

About this item


The volume contains the annual Government of Bahrain reports for the years AH 1348 and 1349. Both reports include budgets for the upcoming year and are written by the Adviser to the Bahrain Government, Sir Charles Dalrymple Belgrave.

The reports are submitted by Belgrave to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Charles Geoffrey Prior, who then forwards them to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , at Bushire. The correspondence relating to this process are included in the volume.

The 1348 report (folios 8-68), submitted in July 1930, is divided into sections corresponding to a particular subject, as follows: Budget 1349; Notes on Budget, for 1349; Notes on Revenue for 1348; Notes on Expenditure; Education; Judicial; Public Works; Wakf Departments; Municipalities; General.

The report includes an index (folio 8) which lists the sections in alphabetical order, with reference to page numbers. Most of these page numbers are not present in the document itself.

The 1349 report (folios 76-134), submitted in July 1931, is divided in a similar way, as follows: Budget 1350; Statements of Receipts and Expenditure; Comparative analysis; The Pearl Industry; Police and Public Security; Land Department; Education; Manamah Municipality; Muharrak [Muharraq] Municipality; Agriculture; Quarantine; Electricity; Press Propaganda; General. There is no index.

Folio 69 is a letter from Belgrave to Prior regarding two Bahraini boys educated at the American University of Beyrout [Beirut].

Folios 135-37 are correspondence between Prior and Claud Cranbrook Lewis de Grenier, Director of Customs at Bahrain, regarding a recent drop in trans-shipment duty in Bahrain.

The volume contains the following photographs:

  • Jaffariah School (folio 45);
  • Manamah-Muharrak [Manama-Muharraq] Bridge (two photographs, folio 46);
  • a new "sea road" north of the Customs House (folio 57);
  • a new quarantine site (two photographs, folio 115).

Folio 116 is a blueprint of the new quarantine.

Extent and format
1 volume (145 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 147; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 25-70; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎41r] (86/298), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/306, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 April 2024]

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