Skip to item: of 298
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎60r] (124/298)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (145 folios). It was created in 16 Jul 1930-11 Jul 1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

in the diving tpede whicli incre&ses theip ppestige end power*
state of pearl market is said to be the result of
the disturbed condition of India, the recent financial crisis
in America, and the increased production of cultured pearls.
It is to be hoped that the conditions in India and America ?v r ill
soon improve, but the cpiestion of cultured pearIsis not a temp
orary matter f The authorities in Bahrain cannot prevent this
trsue, out tney do all thatc^Bossible to prohibit the importation
or circulation of cultured pearls in Bahrain so that Bahrain
may acquire and retain the reputation of exporting only real
The general condition of divers is gradually improving
and this improvement is due entirely to the cc diving reforms*'
whose beneficial results are now beginning to appear. Most
of the older divers are so heavily in debt that only death will
•free them, but the youger men who started to dive shortly before
or after the diving reforms are no longer heavily in debt. They
frequently earn enogh to cancel their debts so that they can dive 1
with whoever they wish to, and Quite a large proportion owe only
four or five hundred Rupees Indian silver coin also widely used in the Persian Gulf. which under the present system they
should be able to nay ZSh off in three or four years.
The merchants dislike the freeing of the divers very much
indeed and I am sure that very shortly determined efforts will
be made to revert to the old system. It is when the effects
of the reforms become apparent that the critical time M will
occur. A very harmful practice has crept in lately by which
Nakhudas evade the regulations. The merchants make advances
of money and hupH. to their divers charging heavy interest on m
side account which is not checked by the diving clerks and is
not entered in the divers books. The courts do not regard these
debts as binding the divers to dive but the men themsl¥&s are
ignorant and many of them beleive that these side debts are as
binding as the regular advances.
The time for the Sallaf, which is the advance before the
season ocurred at the end of the year. After the usual sfcaK-

About this item


The volume contains the annual Government of Bahrain reports for the years AH 1348 and 1349. Both reports include budgets for the upcoming year and are written by the Adviser to the Bahrain Government, Sir Charles Dalrymple Belgrave.

The reports are submitted by Belgrave to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Charles Geoffrey Prior, who then forwards them to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , at Bushire. The correspondence relating to this process are included in the volume.

The 1348 report (folios 8-68), submitted in July 1930, is divided into sections corresponding to a particular subject, as follows: Budget 1349; Notes on Budget, for 1349; Notes on Revenue for 1348; Notes on Expenditure; Education; Judicial; Public Works; Wakf Departments; Municipalities; General.

The report includes an index (folio 8) which lists the sections in alphabetical order, with reference to page numbers. Most of these page numbers are not present in the document itself.

The 1349 report (folios 76-134), submitted in July 1931, is divided in a similar way, as follows: Budget 1350; Statements of Receipts and Expenditure; Comparative analysis; The Pearl Industry; Police and Public Security; Land Department; Education; Manamah Municipality; Muharrak [Muharraq] Municipality; Agriculture; Quarantine; Electricity; Press Propaganda; General. There is no index.

Folio 69 is a letter from Belgrave to Prior regarding two Bahraini boys educated at the American University of Beyrout [Beirut].

Folios 135-37 are correspondence between Prior and Claud Cranbrook Lewis de Grenier, Director of Customs at Bahrain, regarding a recent drop in trans-shipment duty in Bahrain.

The volume contains the following photographs:

  • Jaffariah School (folio 45);
  • Manamah-Muharrak [Manama-Muharraq] Bridge (two photographs, folio 46);
  • a new "sea road" north of the Customs House (folio 57);
  • a new quarantine site (two photographs, folio 115).

Folio 116 is a blueprint of the new quarantine.

Extent and format
1 volume (145 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 147; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 25-70; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎60r] (124/298), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/306, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 April 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [&lrm;60r] (124/298)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image