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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎88r] (180/298)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (145 folios). It was created in 16 Jul 1930-11 Jul 1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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three of the leading pearl merchants are in possession of
any iuno.s. rhey all hold large stocks of pearls which they
cannot sell at present even at a great loss. Debts and ins
talments are not being paid and merchants who two or three
years ago could easily command several lacs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees of rupees Indian silver coin also widely used in the Persian Gulf. are now
hardly pressed to find a few thousands. If one of the big
men failed he would pull down with him in his fall numbers of
others.
THE TESQUM ADVANCE. At the end of the diving season the
usual trouble ocurred over the Tesquam advance. As stated in
the previous report at the beginning of the season the divers
went on strike and refused to go out unless the amounts were
raised. The government increased them in order to pacify the
divers.
At the time of the Tesquam, some months after the cloi^se of
the diving, the merchants who finance the industry were un
doubtedly suffering from the effects of two bad years. H. E.
Shaikh Hamad ordered Shaikh Sulman and the Adviser to hold a
meeting of the leading men in the trade, suggesting himself
that as usual a definite sum should be fixed for the advance
and those who were unable to pay it should release their
divers for the next season.
It was decided at the meeting that the advances should be
Rs 55/- and Rs 45/- for diver/ and puller respectively but the
suggestion that those who could not pay should release their
divers to dive with any Hakhuda who would pay them^raised most
violent opposition^so it was settled that if the Nakhuda could
mot give his diver the authorised advance he should give him a
?f Barua* allowing him to dive with any one else but paying l/4th
of his earnings to the original Nakhuda to whom he was in debt.
This was a slight variation of the usual custom by which a
diver is released on a VBarua tilth 17 , paying l/3rd instead of

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Content

The volume contains the annual Government of Bahrain reports for the years AH 1348 and 1349. Both reports include budgets for the upcoming year and are written by the Adviser to the Bahrain Government, Sir Charles Dalrymple Belgrave.

The reports are submitted by Belgrave to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Charles Geoffrey Prior, who then forwards them to the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , at Bushire. The correspondence relating to this process are included in the volume.

The 1348 report (folios 8-68), submitted in July 1930, is divided into sections corresponding to a particular subject, as follows: Budget 1349; Notes on Budget, for 1349; Notes on Revenue for 1348; Notes on Expenditure; Education; Judicial; Public Works; Wakf Departments; Municipalities; General.

The report includes an index (folio 8) which lists the sections in alphabetical order, with reference to page numbers. Most of these page numbers are not present in the document itself.

The 1349 report (folios 76-134), submitted in July 1931, is divided in a similar way, as follows: Budget 1350; Statements of Receipts and Expenditure; Comparative analysis; The Pearl Industry; Police and Public Security; Land Department; Education; Manamah Municipality; Muharrak [Muharraq] Municipality; Agriculture; Quarantine; Electricity; Press Propaganda; General. There is no index.

Folio 69 is a letter from Belgrave to Prior regarding two Bahraini boys educated at the American University of Beyrout [Beirut].

Folios 135-37 are correspondence between Prior and Claud Cranbrook Lewis de Grenier, Director of Customs at Bahrain, regarding a recent drop in trans-shipment duty in Bahrain.

The volume contains the following photographs:

  • Jaffariah School (folio 45);
  • Manamah-Muharrak [Manama-Muharraq] Bridge (two photographs, folio 46);
  • a new "sea road" north of the Customs House (folio 57);
  • a new quarantine site (two photographs, folio 115).

Folio 116 is a blueprint of the new quarantine.

Extent and format
1 volume (145 folios)
Arrangement

The volume is arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 147; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 25-70; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 8/9 Bahrain Government Annual Report' [‎88r] (180/298), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/306, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100025547958.0x0000b5> [accessed 18 April 2024]

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