File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [10r] (24/860)
The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 26 Apr 1902-16 Dec 1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
conflict, and there seems no doubt that we should insist on Turkish ex | bn
from the district south of Ujair. If the Minister for Foreign Allan , : '...er
studying the question of Zakhnuniyeh and Odied and consul TVnihis
colleagues, does not give categorical instructions for the non-interfq r ; of
the Turkish local authorities, it would seem necessary, subject to y u ., uvs
of His Majesty’s Government, to take a strong line. For, to th ash
mind, Zakhnuniyeh is a sort of stepping stone to El Katr, and pe? ( y ‘wen
to the Trucial coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The Turks do not put forward any valk ‘ .s to
justify their territorial acquisitions in those parts, but it is no ^ alt to
glean that they base their claims on the fact that in the beg ; g of the
16th century a Turkish flotilla, under Piale Pasha, annexed .adur, in
South Baluchistan, and sailed up the Gulf, compelling the . j Chiefs to
acknowledge the sovereignty of the Ottoman Sultan and Ccdiph. They
further feel that as the dominant Islamic power they have undefined right to
bring under their allegiance and to protect the small Arab Moslem tribes, &c.,
in the Arabian peninsula.
Sir E. Grey’s despatch of 17th October contained the following
“ I do not propose to enter upon a detailed review of British relations with
the Sheikh of Bahrein and the Trucial Chiefs, since the matter is one which
in no wise concerns the Ottoman Government; I need simply observe that
those relations have been the foundation of the maritime peace which has
now been maintained in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. for well-nigh a century.
“ Moreover, as Your Excellency is aware, in November and December 1871
the Ottoman Minister for Foreign Affairs himself gave assurances that his
Government had no intention of attacking or obtaining any supremacy over
Bahrein or the independent tribes on the coast of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and
similar assurances had already repeatedly been given to Her Majesty’s
Ambassador at Constantinople.
“ But, apart altogether from the assurances of the Ottoman Government to
which I have referred, Ujair, in the district of El Eatif, is the most southerly
point which His Majesty’s Government have ever recognised as being under
Turkish influence on the coast of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
“In these circumstances Your Excellency was instructed to request the
Ottoman Government to withdraw the garrison from Zakhnuniyeh on the
ground of terminating a disturbance of the status quo; and'your repre
sentations were to be based, not only on the title of the Sheikh of Bahrein to
the island, but also on the fact that it is situated some distance to the south
east of Ujair, the furthest limit of Ottoman jurisdiction.”
“ That having achieved second item, we should make treaties on lines of
Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. agreements with Bin Thani, and, if necessary, with
other headmen on the west coast of KatrT
The question of making an agreement was first raised by the Govern
ment of India in 1902 in connection with the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin
Thani to be taken under our protection, being alarmed at an intimation which
he had received from the Turkish authorities that they intended to send
more troops to those regions. The Government of India were in favour of the
conclusion of an agreement, but in 1903 the idea was shelved because the
abandonment by the Turks of the contemplated mudirates above referred to
made it impossible for His Majesty’s Government to do anything themselves
inconsistent with the status quo. The Government of India, however, m
1904 suggested that without establishing a protectorate it might be justifiable
to make such an agreement with the Sheikh as would ^ secure the
maintenance of the status quo and the exclusion pf foreign interference,
the Sheikh undertaking not to enter into relations with, receive the
representative of, or cede territory to any foreign power. (Secret
letter No 77 of 31st March 1904), His Majesty s Government had at
the time a large number of questions outstanding with the Turkish Govern
ment, and Sir N. 0 Conor was unwilling to add to them, being moieo\er
About this item
This volume contains memoranda, copies of correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding:
- Turkish claims over El Katr (Qatar), and the creation of Turkish administrative posts on the Qatari coast, with 'mudirs' (sub-governors) being assigned during 1903 to Odeid (Al Udeid), Wakra (Al Wakrah), Zobara (Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ), and Musalamia Island (Suwad ash Shamaliyah);
- 'the desire of Sheikh Ahmed bin-Thani, Ruler of Qatar, to be taken under British Protection', in 1902, and a Proposed Protectorate Treaty with the Ruler of Qatar, in 1904;
- the Ruler of Abu Dhabi's intention to occupy Odeid in 1906.
The main correspondents are: the Viceroy, the Foreign Office (Thomas Henry Sanderson), the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne), and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.
The volume also contains the translation of a Turkish press article.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (425 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1 and terminates at the inside back cover with 428; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
Condition: the spine is detached from the volume and preserved in a polyester sheet, on folio 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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