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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎49r] (17/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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17. The local authorities shall not interfere in any way with the houses, buildings,
land, or other property of the Commission, or with its funds, or with the discharge of
their duties by the officers of the police, pilotage, or other services maintained by
the Commission, or with wharves, jetties, docks, or quays in or on the banks of the
river belonging to private persons.
18. The transfer to the Commission of any buoys or lights in the approaches to the
Shatt-el-Arab shall not be deemed to affect the territorial jurisdiction in the waters
where such buoys or lights are placed, or be made a ground on the part of the
Imperial Ottoman Government for claiming that such waters are within its territorial
jurisdiction, nor shall anything in this Convention be deemed to give the Commission
power to exercise jurisdiction or to carry out duties or to hold land outside the limits of
the Ottoman Empire without the consent of the territorial Power, or to affect the
operation or the interpretation of the provisions of any treaty or arrangement prescribing
or defining the limits of the said Empire.
19. This agreement shall be binding during twenty-one years from the day of its
signature. In case neither of the contracting parties shall have given notice to
the other, twelve months before the expiration of the said period of twenty-one years
of the intention to terminate the agreement, it shall remain in force until the expiration
of one year from the day on which either of the contracting parties shall have
denounced it.
Kowe it.
HIS Majesty’s Government consider the frontier on the north to be a line
running from Khor-as-Sabiyah so as to pass immediately south of Umm Qasr and
Safwam to Jabal Sanan and thence to the Batin. On the south his boundary is
considered to run eastwards from Jabal Manifah on the coast to the Na’airiyah hill at the
north-western corner of Badaif. On the west the Shaikhdom is bounded between Jabal
Sanam and Hafar by the Batin, and south of Hafar the border is the line dividing
Summan from Dahanah as far south as the point where that line is intersected by the
route from Wabrah to Biyadb.
Districts and Islands .—The Shaikhdom, considered from the physical point of
view, falls naturally into two parts, one to the north and the other to the south of a
line joining Koweit town and Biqa’i. In the northern block lie the districts or tracts
of Batin, Shiqqaq, Batih, Umm-al-Khilan, Yah, Qira-al-Marru, Zaqlah, and Zor. The
southern block comprises the three great divisions of Summan, Dibdibah, and Umm
Janaib ; and the last, which lies along the coast to the south of Koweit Bay, is further
subdivided into districts named Shaqq, gfra’ab Adan, Salu, Hazaim, and Sudah.
The maritime possessions of Koweit consist of the islands of Bubiyan, Warba, and
Failakah, which, with its northern and southern outliers of Mashjan and ’Auhah, is
situated at the mouth of Koweit Bay, and of the islets of Kubbar, Qaru and Umm-al-
A map is enclosed showing the limits of Koweit.
Mohammerah Frontier.
HIS Majesty’s Government have already informed the Imperial Ottoman Govern
ment of the great importance which they attach to the maintenance of the frontier
status quo, as locally observed, in the neighbourhood of Mohammerah.
His Majesty’s Government now have the honour to explain their views in greater
detail, and they would preface their statement by observing that they have not only
re-examined all the evidence, both oral and documentary, which was laid before the
[2546 s—1] D

About this item


The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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English in Latin script
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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎49r] (17/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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