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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎139v] (198/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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4
Article 1.
I recognise as valid and in force all former treaties and conventions agreed to
between the chiefs of Bahrein and the British Government, either direct or through the
mediation of its representatives in this Gulf <-
Article 2.
I agree to abstain from all maritime aggressions of every description from the
prosecution of war, piracy, and slavery by sea, so long as I receive the support of the
British Government in the maintenance of the security of my own possessions against
similar aggressions directed against them by the chiefs and tribes of this Gulf.
Article 3.
In order that the above engagements may be fulfilled, I agree to make known all
aggressions and depredations which may be designed, or have place at sea, against
myself, territories, or subject as early as possible to the British resident in the Persian
Gulf, as the arbitrator in such cases, promising that no act of aggression or retaliation
shall be committed at sea by Bahreins or in the name of Bahrein, by myself or others
under me, on other tribe, without his consent or that of the British Government, if it
should be necessary to procure it. And the British resident engages that he will
forthwith take the necessary steps for obtaining reparation for every injury proved to
have been inflicted, or in course of infliction by sea, upon Bahrein or upon its
dependencies in this Gulf. In like manner, I, Sheikh Mahomed-bin-Khuleefa, will
afford full redress for all maritime offences, which in justice can be charged against my
subjects or myself, as the Buler of Bahrein.
Article 4.
British subjects of every denomination, it is understood, may reside in and carry
on their lawful trade in the territories of Bahrein, their goods being subject only to an
ad valorem duty of 5 per cent, in cash or in kind. This amount once paid shall not be
demanded again on the same goods if exported from Bahrein to other places ; and in
respect to the treatment of British subjects and dependants they shall receive the
treatment and consideration of the subject and dependants of the most favoured people.
All offences which they may commit, or which may be committed against them, shall
be. reserved for the decisions of the British resident, provided the British agent located
at Bahrein shall fail to adjust them satisfactorily. In like manner the British resident
will use his good offices for the welfare of the subjects of Bahrein in the ports of the
maritime Arab tribes of this Gulf in alliance with the British Government.
Article 5.
These articles of alliance shall have effect from the date of ratification or approval
by the British Government.
Done at Bahrein, this 20 th day of Zilkad, in the year of the Hegira 1277,
corresponding with the 31st day of May, 1861.
Signature and seal of Felix Jones,
Political Besident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
(Seal of Sheikh Mahomed, Ruler
of Bahrein.)
(Seal of Sheikh Ali-bin-Khuleefa,
brother of the above.)
Elders of Bahrein and witnesses to this convention :
(Seal of Sheikh Hamid-bin-Mahomed,
cousin of Sheikh Mahomed.)
(Seal of Sheikh Ahmed-bin Mubarek,
cousin of Sheikh Mahomed.)
(Seal of Sheikh Khuleefa-bin-Mahomed,
cousin of Sheikh Mahomed.)
Approved by his Excellency the Governor-General in Council on the 9th October
1861, and ratified by the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. on the 25th February, 1862.

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The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎139v] (198/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446594.0x000054> [accessed 13 June 2024]

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