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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎254r] (53/165)

The record is made up of 1 volume (81 folios). It was created in 1878. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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AND MUSCAT POLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOlt THE YEAH 1877-78.
31
to pay off his debts by yearly instalments. A paper of release (from
obligations) is supplied by the Musaygum, and the Nakhoda seeks
another employer.
This new master sees the amount of yearly instalment due, and is
liable himself for it for the year that he receives the Nakhoda into his
service.
In turn he also is similarly protected, but the whole instalments
due to the first master must be paid up before the second master can
claim those which have been assessed as his due.
Of course, the whole boat's crew is more or less in debt to the
Nakhoda as he himself is to the Bunneah, so that when it suits the
latter to sell up a Nakhooda rather than await payment of the debt by
instalments, he does so to the extent of the boat and the crew. Here
however his claims are ended, and from that moment the Nakhoda is
a free man, his house and other property on shore cannot be touched,
and he is able to enter into new contracts elsewhere. This he generally
does, getting together a fresh crew, and hiring a boat at the recognised
rate of 20 per cent, on the value of the season's harvest.
One further prohibitory custom that obtains iu the Guff should
be mentioned, it is this, that should a stranger buy pearls privately from
a Nakhoda, without the permission of his Musaygum, he becomes
responsible for all the Nakhoda's debts even if these are far in excess
of the value of the pearls which have changed hands.
Altogether, looking at the position of the Bunneah in the Persian
Gulf, it would seem to be rather an enviable one according to their
ideas. They are well protected, and have every opportunity of amassing
considerable wealth.
11. It* will be noticed below that the crew of the boats engaged
in these fisheries have all a recognized
* See para. 12. definite share in the results of their
enterprise.
The Nakhoda is the master, the responsible man, and often owns
the boat himself.
The Seb or saib, the hauler, comes next, and lastly the “ ghoas"
or diver; besides these working hands there are usually a boy or two
employed to catch fish for the daily food, (which is done by putting
down traps at night, shaped like an English Eel trap) to cook, and
for other purposes.
The Nakhoda is either “ khali” (i.e., free from debt), the actual
owner of the boat, and rich enough to conduct operations and provision
his boat and crew without having recourse to a “ Musaygum," or he
owns the boat, but has not money enough to do this, or, lastly, he has
merely hired the boat at the usual rate of 20 per cent, on the value
of the season's gains.
In either of these latter cases he is emphatically no longer free
as he falls into the hands of the Musaygum. Once in that gentleman's
books it is not easy to make hauls large enough to get out of them
again, or do more than gain a bare subsistence.

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Content

Administration report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1877-78, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, Calcutta [Kolkata], 1878. The report is based on reports sent by the Officiating Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross) and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (Lieutenant-Colonel Samuel Barrett Miles) to the Government of India. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Ross to Alfred Comyn Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign Department, dated 8 July 1878, which enclosed the submission of the original reports.

The report is organised in a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part I: General Report, signed by Ross, and arranged under subheadings as follows: Oman; Arab Coast; Bahrein [Bahrain]; Nejd [Najd]; Province of Fars and the Persian Coast and Islands; Bushire; Coast from Bushire to Lingah [Bandar Lengeh]; Lingah; Bunder Abbass [Bandar Abbas]; Persian-Baloochistan [Baluchistan] Coast; Bassidore [Bāsaʻīdū]; Establishments; Slave-Trade; Appendices (including meteorological tables, notes on the Kara Aghach River by Dr Friedrich Carl Andreas*, the route from Bushire to Lar and Shiraz, and the route from Lar to Shiraz, the Persian Post Office and Foreign Postage, and tables of Persian money and measurements).

Part II: Report on trade of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1877, signed by Ross and arranged under subheadings, as follows: Effects of late war on the trade; Steam communication; Grain harvest; Scarcity of coin; Opium; Pearl fisheries; Impediments to development of trade in Persia; and appendices (including notes on the pearling industry by Captain Edward Law Durand, notes on date palm cultivation by James Charles Edwards, and 31 tables of trade statistics covering imports/exports from/to the various ports and settlements of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and between the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and India).

Part III: Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat, for the year 1877-78, prepared by Miles and arranged under the following subheadings: Political; Official changes; Slave Traffic.

Part IV: Trade statistics for Muscat, prepared by Miles, and comprising of six tables covering imports, exports, and number and tonnage of vessels entering and leaving the port.

* Folio 246 - a map has been temporarily removed and replaced with a green sheet of paper noting its removal.

Extent and format
1 volume (81 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into four parts (I-IV).

Physical characteristics

Pagination: The report has a pagination system which uses numbers printed in the top-left corner of versos and top-right corner of rectos.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on the Administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for the year 1877-78.' [‎254r] (53/165), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/32, No 152, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446897.0x000036> [accessed 21 April 2024]

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