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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎151v] (8/55)

The record is made up of 1 volume (27 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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8
ADMINISTRATION REPORT ON THE PERSIAN GULP POLITICAL
Early in 1891 Mahomed Ibn Rashid suffered a severe defeat at Kasim, the
people of which espoused Abdur Rahman’s cause. In March 1891, however,
having again assembled a powerful following, he attacked and defeated them ;
the Chief of Aneiza and his headmen were killed, and the Chief of Boreyda
taken prisoner, and eventually died of wounds received in the battle. Maho
med Ibn Rashid thereupon appointed a Governor to rule the district in his
name; and Abdur Rahman seeing things going against him retired to Bahrain
for safety, leaving Nejd to Mahomed Ibn Rashid.
In the meantime Mahomed Ibn Rashid’s Governor at Kharj, after looting
a band of pilgrims from El-Hasa, was defeated and slain in an attack on a
party of El-Ajman. Abdur Rahman seizing the opportunity of Mahomed Ibn
Rashid’s return to Jabal Shammar advanced on Karj and Riadh, capturing both
places, and his affairs took a more promising turn. His triumph was, however,
short-lived, for he was very shortly afterwards surprised and totally defeated by
Mahomed Ibn Rashid, and had to seek safety in flight together with all the
remaining members of his family.
He subsequently tried to obtain the support of the Turks at El-Hasa, and
in this he has been partly successful, for the Wali has applied for a pension for
him from the Turkish Government.
The Al-Saood, who in the time of their prosperity numbered some four
score men, are now reduced to less than a score of broken fugitives. Abdur
Rahman has since been living a wandering life among the Bedouins of El-Hasa
and Hatif, being always in fear of capture by Mahomed Ibn Rashid’s adherents.
Mahomed Ibn Rashid by this victory seems to have broken the last opposition
to his complete supremacy in Nejd, which it is said is now undisputed.
7—RL-KATR.
Reports from El-Katr showed that Jasim-bin-Thani still persisted in his
refusal to obey any directions of the Turkish authorities at El-Hasa. It was
currently reported all along the Arab Coast that they intended sending troops
to coerce him, but so far this idea has not been carried out. At the commence
ment of the year a fight occurred between the Al-Ajan and the Al-Murrah,
Beni Hajir. and Manasir, in which each party lost a few men. Some of the
Beni Hajir seized a boat at Wakrah, and cut out six boats of the Al-Kubeisat,
a tribe under Abu Dhabi, at the Island of Rarah, during the pearl season.
Redress was sought by the owners from Jasim-bin-Thani, but he declared him
self powerless to restrain the Beni Hajir. Early in this year a raid was made
past, but at some distance from Abu Dhabi, by some of Jasim-bin-Thani’s men.
They were pursued from Abu Dhabi but escaped.
8.—PERSIAN ALIARISTAN.
The “ Shahab-ul-Mulk ” w T as confirmed in his post as Governor of Arabis-
tan for another year from the nauruz.
In May 1891 disturbances occurred amongst the Arab tribes near How-
eizab, owing to the selection of an unpopular Governor for that place, the Beni
Truf being the principal offenders. The Government sent troops to coerce the
rebels, who were defeated in a sharp action outside Howeizah, and their Shaikh
soon afterwards tendered his submission. These disturbances are now attributed
to the intrigues of the Mustaufi or Treasurer of Arabistan, who was recently
made a prisoner and sent in irons to Shushter. Arabistan generally was in an
unsettled state, and the Anafijah Arabs under Shaikh Eerhan increased the
feeling of insecurity by an attack on a caravan near Shushter in October last,
in the course of which they carried off some rifles.

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Administration Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1891-92, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India (Calcutta), forming part of Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat.

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part 1 , is a General Summary (folios 150-153) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and divided up as follows:

1. Oman-Muscat Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year.

2. Oman Pirate Coast, gives summary of relations between the various ruling families on the coast including political, trade and military matters.

3. Bahrain, summary of events in Bahrain during the previous year; records an influenza outbreak and an excellent date crop. Matters related to the pearl trade are also discussed briefly.

4. El Hasa, reports the arrival of the new Ottoman Mutasarif (Governor) Said Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and notes that diarrhoea and influenza were rife during the previous year, resulting in many deaths.

5. El Katif [Al Qatif], notes that piracy has been rife and a general feeling of insecurity has prevailed during the previous year. Also notes introduction of new land laws by Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and that small-pox was prevalent at El Katif.

6. Nejd, reports that the Al Saood [Al Saud] family appear to have finally lost control of the Nejd region to the Al Rashid dynasty of Jabal Shammar.

7. El Katr, reports that Jasim bin Thani continues to disobey the Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and gives an account of recent tribal fighting in the area.

8. Persian Arabistan, general summary of political, trade and military developments in the region over the previous year. Notes that Talbot visited Ahwaz accompanied by Captain Kemball in January.

9. Fars and Persian Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year. Mentions prevalence of influenza and small-pox on the island of Kishm and the appearance of large numbers of locusts in Kirman.

10. Persian Baluchistan, summary of political developments in the region. Also notes destructive presence of locusts around Charbar and Geah in July 1891.

11. Slave Trade, summary of the status of slave traffic in the region.

12. Royal Navy Vessels, records arrival and subsequent departure from the Gulf of H.M.S Redbreast and the replacement of Commander Hart-Dyke of the H.M.S Sphinx as Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. with Commander Streeton of the H.M.S Brisk .

13. Political Appointments, reports that there were no changes in Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. officials and that in September 1891, Surgeon-Major Ross was succeeded by Surgeon-Captain Duke as Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon.

14. Observatory, points to Appendix A containing the results of daily weather observations in a tabular statement.

Part 1 also contains the following appendix (folios 154-155): Appendix A, Table showing Force and Prevailing Directions of Winds and recorded Rainfall at Bushire for the year 1891-92.

Part 2, is an Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and Consulate for the year 1891-92 (folio 156) written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat. The report provides a summary of political and military developments in Muscat throughout the past year.

Part 3, is a Report on the Trade of Southern Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1891 (folios 157-158r) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The report contains details regarding the types and quantities of imports and exports in the region. Appendix A to Part 3 (folios 158v-165) contains 25 tabular charts related to all aspects of trade in the region.

Part 4, is a Muscat Trade Report written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat (folios 166-171). The report contains a number of detailed tables related to trade to/from Muscat.

Part 5, is a Report on the Trade of Mohammerah for the Year 1891 (folios 172-174). The report contains a description of the state of trade in Mohammerah and several tabular charts regarding imports and exports to/from Mohammerah and the surrounding region.

Extent and format
1 volume (27 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of sections and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 149) which list the report's contents.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎151v] (8/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/61, No 293, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000009> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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