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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎172r] (49/55)

The record is made up of 1 volume (27 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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RESIDENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. AND MUSCAT POLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOR 1891-92.
49
Part V. REPORT ON THE TRADE OE MOHAMMERAH EOR THE
YEAR 1891.
Trade.
During 1891 there was an increase of shipments of wheat from Moham-
merah; hut a large amount of the Karun produce was conveyed to Bussorali
(wheat, harley, and wool) of which no account is obtainable.
The oil-seed crop appears to have been exported by the Jerrahi river.
By native craft a large amount of dates were exported to India and about
a hundred tons were packed in boxes and sent to Bussorah. Only statistics of
articles imported and exported by vessels under the British flag are obtainable;
in addition some seven hundred cases of Batoum kerosine oil canie from Bussorah
by “ hillam ” (canoe), and some miscellaneous articles for petty traders by
coasting boats from Bushire.
In October the Persian Government arranged that goods imported by sea
going steamers should be transhipped to the river steamers in bond and arrange,
ments have been made for issue of through bills of lading to the ports on the
Karun by the companies whose steamers call at Mohammerrah.
Of the imports about one quarter is consumed locally; the remainder is
about equally divided between Dizful (with places beyond) by caravan, Shustar
by steamer, and Koweit by native coasting craft.
The town contains about two hundred and fifty shops of all sorts,'of which
the average monthly consumption is as follows:—
; Khuzistan Produce.
s. d.
Rice, 7 h tons at 5 6'),...,
Wheat, 15 tons at 4 6 J a hundredwei ^ t -
Tobacco cwt.
Silk cloth, 500 yards at . . , . 1 a yard.
Linen for women's head-dress; 2,000 yards at . 5 6 per 7 yards.
Imported Goods.
Piece goods 60 bales. These are chiefly cheap kinds of Manchester shirting selling
at about 6s. Sd. a piece, and chintzes at 7s. 3d. and kerchiefs for Arab head-dress.
& s d.
French loaf sugar, 12 cases at . . . 1 13 4')
-r. , -i i « „ r a case.
Batoum oil, 60 cases at . . . . 0 6 0 J
The exports of specie are large and no business in bills is done locally;
there is therefore no rate of exchange with Great Britain. The accompanying
returns are calculated at 36 krans to the pound sterling.
The Indian rupee is current at two-and-a-half krans, and the Turkish
lira at rates varying from thirty-and-a-half to thirty-three krans.
Tables of principal articles of import and export are attached.
Shipping.
The British India Steam Navigation Company’s steamers called weekly
with mails and cargo, both on the way up and down the Shat-el-Arab. The
Bombay and Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Steam Navigation Company’s steamers called on
a

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Administration Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1891-92, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India (Calcutta), forming part of Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat.

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part 1 , is a General Summary (folios 150-153) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and divided up as follows:

1. Oman-Muscat Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year.

2. Oman Pirate Coast, gives summary of relations between the various ruling families on the coast including political, trade and military matters.

3. Bahrain, summary of events in Bahrain during the previous year; records an influenza outbreak and an excellent date crop. Matters related to the pearl trade are also discussed briefly.

4. El Hasa, reports the arrival of the new Ottoman Mutasarif (Governor) Said Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and notes that diarrhoea and influenza were rife during the previous year, resulting in many deaths.

5. El Katif [Al Qatif], notes that piracy has been rife and a general feeling of insecurity has prevailed during the previous year. Also notes introduction of new land laws by Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and that small-pox was prevalent at El Katif.

6. Nejd, reports that the Al Saood [Al Saud] family appear to have finally lost control of the Nejd region to the Al Rashid dynasty of Jabal Shammar.

7. El Katr, reports that Jasim bin Thani continues to disobey the Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and gives an account of recent tribal fighting in the area.

8. Persian Arabistan, general summary of political, trade and military developments in the region over the previous year. Notes that Talbot visited Ahwaz accompanied by Captain Kemball in January.

9. Fars and Persian Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year. Mentions prevalence of influenza and small-pox on the island of Kishm and the appearance of large numbers of locusts in Kirman.

10. Persian Baluchistan, summary of political developments in the region. Also notes destructive presence of locusts around Charbar and Geah in July 1891.

11. Slave Trade, summary of the status of slave traffic in the region.

12. Royal Navy Vessels, records arrival and subsequent departure from the Gulf of H.M.S Redbreast and the replacement of Commander Hart-Dyke of the H.M.S Sphinx as Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. with Commander Streeton of the H.M.S Brisk .

13. Political Appointments, reports that there were no changes in Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. officials and that in September 1891, Surgeon-Major Ross was succeeded by Surgeon-Captain Duke as Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon.

14. Observatory, points to Appendix A containing the results of daily weather observations in a tabular statement.

Part 1 also contains the following appendix (folios 154-155): Appendix A, Table showing Force and Prevailing Directions of Winds and recorded Rainfall at Bushire for the year 1891-92.

Part 2, is an Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and Consulate for the year 1891-92 (folio 156) written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat. The report provides a summary of political and military developments in Muscat throughout the past year.

Part 3, is a Report on the Trade of Southern Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1891 (folios 157-158r) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The report contains details regarding the types and quantities of imports and exports in the region. Appendix A to Part 3 (folios 158v-165) contains 25 tabular charts related to all aspects of trade in the region.

Part 4, is a Muscat Trade Report written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat (folios 166-171). The report contains a number of detailed tables related to trade to/from Muscat.

Part 5, is a Report on the Trade of Mohammerah for the Year 1891 (folios 172-174). The report contains a description of the state of trade in Mohammerah and several tabular charts regarding imports and exports to/from Mohammerah and the surrounding region.

Extent and format
1 volume (27 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of sections and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 149) which list the report's contents.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎172r] (49/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/61, No 293, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000032> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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