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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎172v] (50/55)

The record is made up of 1 volume (27 folios). It was created in 1892. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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50
ADMINISTRATION REPORT OF THE PERSIAN GULF The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. POLITICAL
way down only for the first five months, but since early in June both ways
about once in three weeks. Direct steamers from Europe called on way up
river on three occasions and on way out of river on two occasions, but grain
was sent outside the bar of the Shat-el-Arab in lighters for shipment.
Coasting vessels from neighbouring Persian ports and from Koweit called
frequently, and during the date shipping season many native craft from India,
Muscat, Zanzibar, and Arab ports called.
No returns available of vessels not under British colours.
The Tigris and Euphrates Steam Navigation Company run a steamer
fortnightly to Bunder Naseri (Ahwas) on the Karun, in connection with a
Persian steamer running thence to Shush ter. The Governor of Mohammerah
also runs a fortnightly steamer to the same port in connection with the Naseri
Company at Ahwaz. The native steamers carry about four-fifths of the cargo,
in spite‘of greater advantages offered by British vessels. There are about
sixty passengers each way monthly, the majority of whom travel by British
steamers.
Agriculture.
The wheat crop on Karun was fairly good, giving a return of about fiity
fold on amount sown.
The date crop was light in weight from having been cut too early.
The export of wheat from the Upper Karun was prohibited m July an
from Mohammerah in November.
Population.
The population of Mohammerah is about 2,300. The merchants and
tradesmen are principally Persians. The cultivators are all Arabs.
Public Works.
The telegraph line was completed to Bunder Naseri on the 1st August,
opening communication with Shushtar and Dizful. A line is now being
constructed from Bushire to Bander Naseri via Behbehan.
At Bander Naseri the Naseri Company completed their tramway and
goods are conveyed by it to and from steamers above rapids from and to
steamers below rapids.
General.
In March His Excellency Haki Hhehabel-Mulk relieved His Excellency
Nizam-es-Si'ltaneh as Governor of Arabistan and Bakhtiari.

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Administration Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1891-92, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India (Calcutta), forming part of Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat.

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

Part 1 , is a General Summary (folios 150-153) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and divided up as follows:

1. Oman-Muscat Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year.

2. Oman Pirate Coast, gives summary of relations between the various ruling families on the coast including political, trade and military matters.

3. Bahrain, summary of events in Bahrain during the previous year; records an influenza outbreak and an excellent date crop. Matters related to the pearl trade are also discussed briefly.

4. El Hasa, reports the arrival of the new Ottoman Mutasarif (Governor) Said Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. and notes that diarrhoea and influenza were rife during the previous year, resulting in many deaths.

5. El Katif [Al Qatif], notes that piracy has been rife and a general feeling of insecurity has prevailed during the previous year. Also notes introduction of new land laws by Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and that small-pox was prevalent at El Katif.

6. Nejd, reports that the Al Saood [Al Saud] family appear to have finally lost control of the Nejd region to the Al Rashid dynasty of Jabal Shammar.

7. El Katr, reports that Jasim bin Thani continues to disobey the Turkish [Ottoman] authorities and gives an account of recent tribal fighting in the area.

8. Persian Arabistan, general summary of political, trade and military developments in the region over the previous year. Notes that Talbot visited Ahwaz accompanied by Captain Kemball in January.

9. Fars and Persian Coast, general summary of political, trade and military developments along the coast over the previous year. Mentions prevalence of influenza and small-pox on the island of Kishm and the appearance of large numbers of locusts in Kirman.

10. Persian Baluchistan, summary of political developments in the region. Also notes destructive presence of locusts around Charbar and Geah in July 1891.

11. Slave Trade, summary of the status of slave traffic in the region.

12. Royal Navy Vessels, records arrival and subsequent departure from the Gulf of H.M.S Redbreast and the replacement of Commander Hart-Dyke of the H.M.S Sphinx as Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. with Commander Streeton of the H.M.S Brisk .

13. Political Appointments, reports that there were no changes in Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. officials and that in September 1891, Surgeon-Major Ross was succeeded by Surgeon-Captain Duke as Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon.

14. Observatory, points to Appendix A containing the results of daily weather observations in a tabular statement.

Part 1 also contains the following appendix (folios 154-155): Appendix A, Table showing Force and Prevailing Directions of Winds and recorded Rainfall at Bushire for the year 1891-92.

Part 2, is an Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and Consulate for the year 1891-92 (folio 156) written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat. The report provides a summary of political and military developments in Muscat throughout the past year.

Part 3, is a Report on the Trade of Southern Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the year 1891 (folios 157-158r) written by Adelbert Cecil Talbot, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The report contains details regarding the types and quantities of imports and exports in the region. Appendix A to Part 3 (folios 158v-165) contains 25 tabular charts related to all aspects of trade in the region.

Part 4, is a Muscat Trade Report written by Atmarim Sadashiv Jayakar, In Charge Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muscat (folios 166-171). The report contains a number of detailed tables related to trade to/from Muscat.

Part 5, is a Report on the Trade of Mohammerah for the Year 1891 (folios 172-174). The report contains a description of the state of trade in Mohammerah and several tabular charts regarding imports and exports to/from Mohammerah and the surrounding region.

Extent and format
1 volume (27 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of sections and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 149) which list the report's contents.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Administration report of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muscat Political Agency for 1891-92’ [‎172v] (50/55), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/61, No 293, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026447392.0x000033> [accessed 24 April 2024]

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