File 2182/1913 Pt 10 'N.W. Frontier: Proposed Russian zoological expedition' [292r] (175/664)
The record is made up of 1 item (330 folios). It was created in 28 May 1919-13 Jan 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
I June 30.]
~ T — —
 No. 1.
... . General Sir I']. Allenby to Earl Gurzon.—(Received June 30.)
(.No. 278.) '
f ± a . Cairo, June 15, 1919.
W11H reference to mj despatch No. 269 of the 11th June, I have the honour to
forward copies of a‘further note by Captain Garland, of the Arab Bureau, carrying on
e narrative of events connected with the Khurma dispute to the 10th June. °
I have, &c.
E. H. H. ALLENBY.
Enclosure in No. 1.
A'oie by Captain Garland on the Khurma Dispute.
r ®P orts / rom Jeddah have confirmed the completeness of Abdullah’s defeat
at larabah According to a telegram sent by the King to Emir Feisal, the “martyrs”
L.e., bhereefian killed) amounted to 250, including several Ateibah Sheikhs, and also
^ w ^° was Abdullah’s Major-General Commanding the so-called “ division ”
0 regular troops. Emirs Abdullah and Shakir were themselves slightly wounded all
guns and machine guns and two-thirds of the supplies were lost, and only one-tenth of
the mule mounted infantry got away.
,, is worthy of note that, although they had had previous warning of the nio-ht
attack, the regular officers who got away did so in their night attire. It was ever one
or the JDagdadi officers maxims not to allow military duties to interfere with his
nights rest and during the war, outposts, pickets/and the like were invariably
dispensed with by the Hedjaz armies.
The 10,000 Bedouin originally reported to be with Abdullah seem to have melted
away and, as Colonel Bassett remarks, “ everything points to the majority of the tribal
e emen s which profess allegiance to King Hussein being absolutely unreliable.A
consoling feature is that the captors of the guns, &c., have no followers trained in their
manipulation and employment.
In spite of the King’s assertion that Ibn Saud reinforced Tarabah and Khurma,
TLu u i VieW to * ttaGk ' n g Abdullah, no enemy advance from Tarabah is reported,
bdullah, according to the Kmg, is now “ remaining on the defensive,” but both he and
ie King fear an advance by Ibn Saud on Taif and Mecca.
t is thought however, that Ibn Saud will now rest content with his success and
ns reoccupation of TarabaL He has common sense enough to realise that any further
ac ^ a nce 0 wards the Hedjaz cities would mean sacrificing our friendship, subsidy,
and neip, and he must realise that we possess the means to punish him even if he knows
!j ^ pes not. It seems probable that His Britannic Maiestv’s Government’s
on eis o \\i i iaw horn larabah will have the desired effect when he gets them.
3 © fact that the Ikhwan have not advanced from Tarabah since they recaptured
1 en s o s ow that Ibn Saud has them under some sort of control, and if the more
fanatical elements had intended to raid Taif without his authority, they would surelv
have moved towards it by this time.
On the arrival of our aeroplanes, the King will no doubt insist on immediate
puni ive bombing raids of Tarabah, Khurma, and other Ikhwan camps, but it appears
necessary that the possible results of such action should be well considered before •
un er a mg it. from every point of view it will be infinitely better if Ibn Saud can
6 C 1 / m P e e( ^ withdraw by political pressure from Bagdad, as aeroplane bombing
W °u increase the hatred and ill-will between Nejd and Mecca, would render future
r ^°fi ( / lia t lon more difficult, would henceforth affect the hospitality extended to British
° < f. ia r T ve nnrs through Nejd, and might quite conceivably precipitate a wholesale
con agration, besides possibly forming matter (suitably distorted) for Indian anti-
Shereefian propaganda. v ^
About this item
The title provided at the beginning of this item does not relate in any way to the item's contents. Part 10 is in fact concerned with the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both.
The item begins with reports that Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces have advanced to Tarabah (also spelled Turaba in the correspondence) [Turabah], in Hejaz, and includes details of His Majesty's Government's proposed response, which is to inform Bin Saud that if he does not withdraw his forces from Hejaz and Khurma then the rest of his subsidy will be discontinued and he will lose all advantages secured under the treaty of 1915. Included are the following:
- copies of translations of correspondence between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
- discussion as to whether the British should send aeroplanes to assist King Hussein;
- minutes of inter-departmental meetings between representatives of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the War Office, the Foreign Office, and the Treasury, on the subject of Bin Saud, held at the Foreign Office and chaired by the Foreign Secretary, Earl Curzon of Kedleston [George Nathaniel Curzon];
- discussion as to how the British should respond in the event of Bin Saud's Wahabi [Wahhabi] forces taking Mecca and advancing on Jeddah, which it is anticipated may result in the evacuation of a large number of Arabs and British Indians;
- discussion regarding a proposed meeting between Harry St John Bridger Philby and Bin Saud on the Gulf coast;
- a report by Captain Herbert Garland [Director of the Arab Bureau, Cairo], entitled 'Note on the Khurma Dispute Between King Hussein and Ibn Saud';
- a document entitled 'Translation of a Memorandum on the Wahabite [sic] Crisis', addressed to the High Commissioner, Egypt, by Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], in which Feisal implores the British to take military action against the Wahabi movement;
- copies of translations of letters addressed to Bin Rashid [Saʿūd bin ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz Āl Rashīd], from Bin Saud and King Hussein respectively, which provide the perspectives of both on recent events at Khurma and Tarabah;
- a memorandum from the Foreign Office's Political Intelligence Department, entitled 'Memorandum on British Commitments to Bin Saud'.
The item's principal correspondents are the following:
- High Commissioner, Egypt, General (later Field Marshal) Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby;
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Foreign Office;
- Bin Saud;
- King Hussein;
- Emir Ali [‘Alī bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Emir Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Viceroy of India [Frederic John Napier Thesiger];
- War Office;
- Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , temporarily based in Baghdad [ Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson, acting Resident in Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Zachariah Cox's absence];
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- Colonel Cyril Edward Wilson;
- Harry St John Bridger Philby.
This item also contains translated copies of correspondence between Hussein and the then High Commissioner at Cairo, Sir Arthur Henry McMahon [commonly referred to as the McMahon-Hussein correspondence], dating from July 1915 to January 1916.
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