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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎45v] (95/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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At the death of Sulaiman Khan, Shah ’Abbas II, on the advice of Murad Sultan
Kalhor, a relative of Sulaiman, Khan and an intelligent man, divided Kurdistan
amongst the notables of Kurdistan and the relatives of Sulaiman Khan.
Kalb ’Ali Khan who had been named governor of Senna was conspicuous
Kalb ’Ali Khan * 1067— f° r hi 3 justice and humanity, and enjoyed the confi-
1082 A.H. (1656—1671A.D.). dence ot Shah ’Abbas II. He had the whole of Kur
distan added by degrees to his governorship of
Senna and was named commander-in-chief of the army of Khuzistan, during
the conquest of which country he displayed great courage. For 16 years he
ruled Kurdistan and accumulated great treasure. He died in 1082.
His eldest son, Khan Ahmad Khan, succeeded him and received his firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’).
Khan Ahmad Khan 1082— * rom Sulaiman. He cultivated friendship far
1091 A.H. (1671—1680 A.D.). an( * near an d, being of a very liberal disposition,
in a very short time dissipated all his father’s
treasury, and was in consequence called the Khan Zarineh (Golden Prince).
He spent his time in pleasure and music, would listen to no advice, and did
nothing to suppress the disturbances in his province, until Shah Sulaiman in
1091 A. H. listening to the people’s complaints deposed him and named in his place
his uncle Khusrau Khan. He had ruled Kurdistan for nine years.
Khusrau Khan, who was at that time at Merivan, repaired to Senna and
Khu rauKhan 1091- 1093 sent ne ph ew in chains to Isfahan. He was a harsh
A.H. (1680-1692 A.D.). and cruel ruler *
The people, incensed at his cruelty, sent a deputation to the Shah’s Court,
which was favourably received by Shah Sulaiman and sent back with a message
to Khusrau Khan. Khusrau Khan, in no way intimidated, continued oppress
ing the people, and persecuted, banished or executed all who had joined in the
petition. On this being reported to Shah Sulaiman, Khusrau Khan was ordered
to Isfahan and executed. He had governed Kurdistan for less than two years.
By firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). of Shah Sulaiman, Timur Khan Ajerlui was, in 1093 A.H., ap-
Timur Khan Ajerlui, 1093— pointed governor of Kurdistan and for six years gov-
1099 A.H. (1682—1687 erned the people well.
Khan Ahmad Khan, In 1099 Khan Ahmad Khan, son of Kalb ’Ali
1099 —1107 A.H. (1687— Khan Ardalani, was reappointed Vali of Kurdistan,
1695 A.D.). and by order of Shah Sulaiman proceeded to Senna
and thence to Shahrizur.
Khan Ahmad Khan on being again ruler of Kurdistan gave himself up more
even than before to pleasure and debauchery.
Sulaiman Pasha Baban hearing of his mode of life raised a number of Kurds
and Arabs, and in 1103 A.H. invaded Kurdistan and occupied Merivan, Avro-
man and Sakiz. He had Sohrab Sultan, Governor of Sakiz, and Ibrahim
Beg Mir-Iskandari, governor of Merivan, put to death.
Khan Ahmad Khan marched against the invader, and Shah Sulaiman sent an
army for the same purpose. The battle was fought in the plain of Merivan,
and Sulaiman Pasha was put to flight leaving 4,000 of his men either killed or
prisoners. After this victory ’Abbas Khan Ziadogli, at the instigation of Gassem
Sultan of Avroman, who told him that Sulaiman Pasha had been invited to in.
* Shah Sulaiman Sefavj, 1666—1694 A.D.

About this item


Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎45v] (95/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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