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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎6v] (12/427)

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The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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ti
^ k "’ iffi s *>'4''S
went might in the present circumstances be seized upon as a weapon for host
rriticism against us. We further assure His Majesty s G-overnment that when i
becomes necessary to effect the final settlement of this question, they will find us
willino- to abide by whatever decision they may think lust.
Lastly I send you my cordial greetings and my wishes for a pleasant journey.
(Sealed) ABDUL AZIZ IBN ABDUL-RAHMAN-al-SAUD.
Annex C.
Extract from the Exchange of Notes for the M edification ofthe ^eatyofjedda
of May 20, 1927 ; October 3, 1936 (“ Treaty Senes No. 10 (1937) ; Cmd. 5380.)
(1)
(Translation.)
The Minister for Foreign Affairs to His Majesty's Minister at Jedda.
Your Excellency, Mecm, Rajah 1 71 355
(After compliments.) , c J . f . . (<“£ 3 1936)
WHEREAS the period of seven years specified m article 8 o± the 1 ijaty ot
Jedda of the 18th Zul Qa’da, 1345, corresponding with the 20th May 1927,()
expired on the 8th Jumad ath-Thani, 1353, corresponding with the 17th Septem
ber, 1934, and under this article the operation of the said treaty may be termmatef
on six months’ notice being given by either party to the other party:
Our two Governments have for some time past been m negotiation with the
obiect of placing their reciprocal relations on a more stable basis, and being
animated by a common desire to consolidate still further the friendly relations
happily existing between them have, as a result of these negotiations, agreed,
subiect to certain stipulations which have been agreed upon, to modify the con
ditions in which the said treaty may be terminated, and also to modify certain
of the provisions of that treaty and of the letters annexed thereto exchanged
between His Majesty King Abdul Aziz and Sir Gilbert Clayton at the time of the
conclusion of the treaty. I confirm hereinafter the stipulations agreed upon
4. The Government of His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia reserve their
rights in the Aqaba-Ma’an area as set forth in the letter of His Majesty King
Abdul Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia, to Sir Gilbert Clayton, dated the 19th Zul
Qa’da, 1345, corresponding with the 21st May, 1927, in reply to the letter of
Sir Gilbert Clayton of the 18th Zul Qa’da, 1345, corresponding with the 19th May,
1927.
( 2 )
His Majesty's Minister at Jedda to the Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Your Royal Highness,
(After compliments.) Jedda, October 3 ; 1936. ^
I HAVE the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your Royal Highness’s
note of the 17th Rajab, 1355, corresponding with the 3rd October, 1936, in which
you recall the fact that the period of seven years specified in article 8 of the
Treaty of Jedda of the 20th May, 1927, corresponding with the 18th Zul Qa’da,
1345. expired on the 17th September, 1934, corresponding with the 8th Jumad
ath-Thani, 1353, and that under the said article the operation of the said treaty
may be terminated on six months’ notice of such termination being given by either
( G ) Treaty Series No. 25 (1927), Cmd. 2951.

About this item

Content

This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
  • Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
  • Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
  • A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
  • Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
  • The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.

The file also includes the following:

  • Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
  • Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
  • Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
  • Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (212 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [‎6v] (12/427), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100040939863.0x00000d> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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