Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier' [7r] (13/427)
The record is made up of 1 file (212 folios). It was created in 3 Apr 1934-6 Mar 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
party to the other party. Your Royal Highness refers to the negotiations in which
our two Governments have been engaged for some time past, with the.object of
placing their relations on a more stable basis, and to the fact that, animated by a
common desire to consolidate still further the friendly relations happily existing
between them, they have, as a result of those negotiations, agreed to modify the
^conditions under which the said treaty may be terminated, and also certain of the
^provisions of the said treaty and of the letters exchanged between His Majesty
King Abdul Aziz and Sir Gilbert Clayton at the time of the conclusion of the
treaty, subject to certain stipulations which have been agreed upon and which are
recited in your Royal Highness’s note under reference.
I have the honour to confirm, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government in
the United Kingdom, the agreement which has been reached and the stipulations
to which it is subject, as follows:—
* * # # * * *
4. His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdbm take note of the
reservation made in paragraph 4 of your Royal Highness’s note under reference,
with regard to the Aqaba-Ma’an area, as set forth in the letter of His Majesty
King Abdul Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia, to Sir Gilbert Clayton, dated the
19th Zul Qa’da, 1345, corresponding with the 21st May, 1927, in reply to
Sir Gilbert Clayton’s letter of the 19th May. 1927, corresponding with the
18th Zul Qa’da, 1345. My Government, for their part, adhere to the position
defined in the said letter of Sir Gilbert Clayton.
When in September 1922 the status of Transjordan in relation to the mandate
for Palestine was under discussion at Geneva, the representative of His Majesty’s
Government in the United Kingdom submitted a memorandum on the question
(see Cmd. 1785). By this memorandum the council was invited to pass a resolu
tion making certain provisions of the mandate applicable to “ the territory known
as Transjordan, which comprises all territory lying to the east of a line drawn
from a point 2 miles west of the town of Akaba, on the gulf of that name, up
the centre of the Wady Araba, Dead Sea and River to its junction with the
River Yarmuk; thence up the centre of that river to the Syrian frontier.”
2. So far as the strategic aspect is concerned, it seems that the roadstead
off the coast between the town of Akaba and the Palestine frontier is as good
as, if not better than, the roadstead off the town itself. But if the town did
not belong to Transjordan, hostile forces or tribesmen, who would otherwise have
no convenient point of concentration, would find it easier than at present to attack
or raid South-Eastern Transjordan.
About this item
This file primarily concerns British policy on the question of the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, specifically the frontier between Transjordan and Nejd, as initially outlined in the Hadda Agreement of 1925.
The correspondence includes discussion of the following:
- The reported disaffection of certain Saudi tribes in the Jauf [Al Jawf] and Teima [Taymā’] areas.
- Difficulties arising from inaccuracies discovered on a 1918 map of the frontier, on which the Hadda agreement was based.
- Saudi Government complaints regarding the alleged violation of the Saudi frontier by British aeroplanes and soldiers at Thaniyya Taraif [Thanīyat Ţurayf, Saudi Arabia].
- A proposal made by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs, during a meeting at the Foreign Office in July 1935, that the frontier should be that which is shown on the 1918 map, regardless of the map's inaccuracies (a proposal that the British authorities in Transjordan encourage the Foreign Office to accept).
- Reports of infringements of the existing frontier by Saudi patrols.
- The British response to Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] claim to the districts of Akaba [Aqaba] and Maan [Ma‘ān] in Transjordan.
The file also includes the following:
- Compiled notes of correspondence relating to the Treaty of Jedda (1927) and its modification (and more specifically, to the question of the Hejaz-Transjordan frontier) exchanged between Sir Gilbert Clayton and Ibn Saud (1927), and between the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Minister for Saudi Foreign Affairs (1936).
- Copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, concerning the Saudi-Transjordan frontier (and, in one instance, also addressing the Island of Tamb in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ).
- Copies of the minutes of interdepartmental meetings regarding the Saudi-Transjordan frontier, held at the Colonial Office (7 January 1935) and Foreign Office (28 September 1934) respectively.
- Two sketch maps depicting disputed territory near the frontier.
The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert); John Bagot Glubb, Acting Officer Commanding the Arab Legion; the Air Officer Commanding Palestine and Transjordan (Richard Edmund Charles Peirse); the Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd]; officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, the Air Ministry, and the War Office.
The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (212 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 213; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-209; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.
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- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Coll 6/66 'Saudi-Arabia: Saudi-Transjordan Frontier'
- front, front-i, 2r:5v, 7r:7v, 9r:79v, 81r:172v, 174r:213v, back
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
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