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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎73r] (150/542)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 23 May 1935-13 Jun 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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MR. LAITHWAITE said that a person leaving Koweit by
land would have to pass either through' Saudi Arabia or
Iraq. Saudi Arabia was not at the moment in question.
Under the manifest system suggested a person would be
required, if he went to Iraq, to cross the frontier at
one of the four Customs posts, to have with him a manifest
for any dutiable goods which he carried and to pay the
appropriate duty to Iraq whether his ultimate destination
was Syria or not. The SheiAh’s responsibility would
have been discharged by the issue of the manifest.
THE SHEIKH said that in that case he was quite
willing to give manifests to all those who passed out of
Koweit en route to Iraq. The manifest would state the
quantities of the goods carried, but would not mention
the route to be travelled, or the point at which the
frontier would be crossed, since the Koweit authorities
could not be responsible for the actual route tnat tne
man might take.. ' His Excellency agreed, however, with
a suggestion by Mr.Ward that the manifest might also
state that it was given ”for Iraq", but he said he knew
that no one going to Iraq would ever tell the truth as
to his destination, or take out a manifest, since llttre
or no profit could be made if customs duty had to oe
paid at the Iraq frontier. his Excellency agreed, however
that if any man were caught by the Iraq autnorities
carrying goods without a manifest, the man himself would
be held responsible and would have to take the
consequenc es.
MR. LAITHWAITB said that an arrangement such as that
suggested by the Sheikh would be of great value, and that
his/

About this item

Content

The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials stood as mediators between the Iraqi Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait to try and solve the smuggling issue. They discussed possible ways to persuade the Shaikh of Kuwait to agree to a friendly arrangement for cooperation for checking smuggling on the lines which had been contemplated. British Government officials also suggested various methods to control smuggling such as a system of manifests, trade control posts, as well as the appointment of a British Director of Customs at Kuwait.

The volume includes minutes of a meeting held in London discussing the question of Kuwait-Iraq smuggling with the Shaikh of Kuwait, a list of regulations of the Customs Code in Iraq issued by the King of Iraq and published in the official gazette, correspondence related to a number of cases of violation of Kuwaiti territorial waters by Iraq Customs launches, as well as the arrest and detention of Kuwaiti nationals.

The Shaikh raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who in turn shared the Shaikh’s concerns with other British officials. On the other hand, complaints were also raised by the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Kuwaiti Government’s lack of control of its border lines.

Lists of violation incidents are also included in the volume. Each list includes the following information: date and place of occurrence by whom, a summary of the incident, date of report to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Iraqi Government’s reply. The volume also includes summary lists of Iraqi newspaper articles which discuss Iraq-Kuwait related issues including smuggling, and the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎73r] (150/542), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/131, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045050704.0x000097> [accessed 24 October 2019]

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