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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎95r] (189/917)

The record is made up of 1 file (453 folios). It was created in 18 Jun 1936-15 Jul 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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PZ 1756/38.
(D
THIS
agreement
ft.
fj.,
nine hundred and thirty eight is made
dated the[twenty fifth day
of March J One thousand
BETWEEN HIS MAJESTY^
GOVERNMENT IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (hereinafter called "His Majesty^
Government") of the one part and PETROLEUM CONCESSIONS LIMITED (herein
after called the Company" which expression shall where the context so
admits be deemed to include its successors anc^/or assignees and shall also
be deemed to include any subsidiary Company) of the other part.
W H E R E A S Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Ltd. is a
Subsidiary Company of Petroleum Concessions Limited.
A. N D WHEREAS in the event of the Company obtaining a concession
from the Sheikh of|_Ras al KhaimahJ(hereinafter called "the Sheikh")
certain responsibilities will devolve on His Majesty^ Government, the
Company has agreed with His Majesty T s Government as follows j-
Petroleum Concessions Limited and any subsidiary company shall be
and remain a British company registered in Great Britain and having its
principal place of business in Great Britain, and its Chairman shall at
all times be a British subject.
THE Agreement between the Company and the Sheikh shall not be
transferred to any other company without the prior consent in writing of
nis Majesty f s Government, and any other company to which that agreement
may be transferred shall be and remain a British company registered in
Great Britain and having its principal place of business in Great Britain,
and its Chairman shall at all times be a British subject.
THE employees of the Company infRas al KhaimahJ shall at all times be
subjects or subjects of the Sheikh, provided that, with the
consent of His Majesty's Government, such persons of other nationality
as are required for the efficient carrying on of the undertaking may be
employed.
NOTWITHSTANDI:,G anything contained in the Agreement between the
Company and the Sheikh, the importation of foreign native labour shall be
subject to the approval of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
THE Company in all except unimportant or routine matters shall deal
with theLRas al KhaimahjAuthorities through a Chief Local Representative
^he Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , who shall be a British subject. The approval of
mis Majesty's Government shall be required for the person so designated.
He will be ordinarily resident in/Ras al Khaimah] or Bahrein and will be
responsible for the Company's local relations with thejRas al KhaimahJ
authorities, which shall, except in routine or unimportant matters, be
conducted through the political representative of His Majesty's Govern
ment in Bahrein or through any other person whom the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency.
in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. may from time to time designate.
SumJECi to the terms of the Agreement between the Company and the
Sheikh the Company undertakes at all times to pay due deference to the
wishes oi the Sheiidi and to the advice of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and of the Political Officers subordinate to him.
AN5T right given to the Company under its agreement with the Sheikh
bo utilise means of transportation by air shall be subject to any general
regulations for civil aircraft made by the Sheikh on the advice of His
Majesty's Government, and to any instructions which may be issued by the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
NOTWITHSTANDING anything contained in the Agreement between the
Company and the Sheikh the Company shall not have the right to use or
occupy, and shall not include in the areas to be acquired or utilised for
the purposes of its operations, any sites which may have been selected
by or on behalf of the Sheikh or His Majesty's Government for defence
purposes, for aerodromes, aeroplane or seaplane bases or for wireless and

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Content

The file concerns negotiations between Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) and the rulers of several states on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. over oil concession agreements. Petroleum Concessions Limited was the company approved by the British Government to seek oil concessions in the area; it later operated under its subsidiary company Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited. The papers principally relate to Ras-al-Khaimah and Abu Dhabi, but also concern Dubai, Sharjah, Umm-al-Qaiwain, Ajman, and Kalba.

The papers consist of correspondence and memoranda issued by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; and correspondence from the oil companies involved and local rulers (including four folios in Arabic, with English translations).

The papers cover: correspondence concerning undertakings by local rulers to protect oil surveying parties in their territories, and the amount of their liability in the event of any incidents; the involvement of Major Frank Holmes and Haji Williamson [William Richard Williamson]; the demarcation of boundaries in the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ; draft agreements relating to Ras-al-Khaimah; British concern over interest in the area on the part of the American company California Arabian Standard Oil; the definition of the phrase 'the Trucial Sheikhs' (folios 386-387); papers concerning a request by PCL for permission from the British Government to employ a French assistant geologist (August-September 1937); a PCL report on the progress of negotiations in Abu Thabi [Abu Dhabi], February 1938 (folios 218-226); other draft agreements; minutes of meetings between British officials and PCL; statement giving the financial terms of certain oil agreements in Arabia (folios 144-147); and the prolongation of the agreement between the Ruler of Ras-al-Khaimah, Shaikh Sultan bin Salem, and Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited in 1941, as a result of the international situation (the Second World War, 1939-45).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (453 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 454; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-454; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎95r] (189/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3836, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100050244071.0x0000c0> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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