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Coll 30/87(2) Part II 'Qatar: Oil Concession - P.C.L.'s Operations.' [‎18r] (36/603)

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The record is made up of 1 file (296 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1945-13 Apr 1948. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Copy of translation of letter dated the 19th Sdfar, 1367
(31.12.1947), from His Highness Shaikh Sir Salman bin Humad
Al Khalifah, Ruler of Bahrain , to C.J. Pelly, Esq.,
O.B.E., H.B.7. f s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.
I have the honour *o acknowledge the receipt of
your letter M o. C/1926, dated 23rd December, 1947, deal
ing ' 1th the sea which lies between Bahrain and^Qatar,
\
2. we wish to point out that since the time that our
ancestors conquered Bahrain from their town of Zubara
until the present day the seas lying between, our Eastern
coast and the western coast of the Qatar peninsular have
been under our control and we have held domination over
■ the islands, shoals and reefs which exist in these waters.
Our people own fishing rights, which have never been dis
puted, in the waters inside this area.
3. During the lengthy negotiations between our Govern
ment and the two oil companies, Bahrain Petroleum Company
and Petroleum Concessions Limited who were competing for
an oil concession in the seas belonging to Bahrain, in 1938
and 1939, many discussions took place and maps and plans
were made showing the sea area which was the subject of the
negotiations. These negotiations were carried out through
’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who was either present during the
meetings or who was provided with a detailed note about all
matters which were discussed. The sea area which we were
then prepared to lease to the companies between the coasts
of Bahrain and Qatar was from and Including the island of
Jinan, the most southern island of the Kawar Group, to a
point approximately 10 miles north east of Fasht al Dibal.
It was at no time suggested by H.B.M. *3 Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. that
we had no rights over any part of the sea area lying between
Bahrain and this line. If our ownership of this area was in
doubt why were these negotiations approved by H.a.P.'s poli
tical Agent*’
4. In para 4 of your letter you state that our sovereign
rights in Dibal and Jaradeh shoals, which are above spring
tide low water level, are recognised. These two shoals are
in fact the terminus of one long continuous shoal which begins
off ditra Island and reaches Dibal and Jaradeh. There Is no
deep water channel crossing this shoal and the highest points ,
of tills shoal, at Dibal and Jaradah. cannot be separated from
the main shoal. We contend that all the sea lying between our
coasts up to and including Dibal and Jaradah should be included
in the sea over which we have sovereign rights.
3. We are unable to understand why our island of Jinan,
which, owing to the rich fishing grounds around it, is an
island of value, has been excluded from the Hawar group.
Jinan is used as a base by our fishermen who are accustomed,
with our permission, to erect huts on the island in the fishing
season. Jinan has been recognised as one of tfye islands of the
Hawar group and was specifically referred to by us in our letter
to *s political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , vl g 3 L>JSZ d) of tpr i-j—
1.936 . from our'Adviser to »s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. . It is narked
by a beacon which we constructed in 13.68.
6. in conclusion we consider that die deiiminution des
cribed In your letter should be readjusted and the dividing
/line
(p. r.o.)

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Content

The file concerns the operations of Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) (and its subsidiary Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited) in Qatar. Of particular importance in the file is the issue of the division of the sea bed for drilling operations between PCL's concession, and that of the Bahrain Petroleum Company Limited (BAPCO) in Bahrain.

The file contains discussion of the issue by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Ministry of Fuel and Power, the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain.

The papers cover: the resumption of drilling operations in Qatar after their suspension during the Second World War; payment of royalties; the Hawar Islands; the granting of permission to use wireless sets; the response of British officials to a United States Government request to PCL for information on petroleum resources in Qatar and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. , October-November 1946; aerial surveys of the Bahrain-Qatar Unallotted Area; the application of US President Harry S Truman's continental shelf doctrine to the issue (e.g. folios 141, 110); maps of the area; Admiralty comments on the need for all parties to be aware that the sea bed only was concerned, and that the waters above, and free navigation, were in no way affected (folio 46); correspondence from the oil companies involved; and the reactions of local rulers to the negotiations.

The file also contains five maps.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (296 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 296; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out. Foliation anomaly: 268a.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 30/87(2) Part II 'Qatar: Oil Concession - P.C.L.'s Operations.' [‎18r] (36/603), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3806B, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100056534849.0x000026> [accessed 15 October 2019]

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