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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎10v] (25/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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63
2. Italian activities m ^ the Middle^Jlast^gen es ty’ s Government,
engaging the very close and earnes f n • s the policy which should,
but for the present you may in the event of
*» *-* - *** ,,
, P>ritish policy requires that neither the Yemen nor any part of it
should fall under the control of any European Power^ ^There is n° q u e s
nf mvino- encouragement to opponents of the recogmsea nen , unu
event o/the death of the King, 1 His Majesty’s Government shopld recognise
Seif el Islam Ahmed as soon as it appears that he is ^ c ®? te ^ { ® S , , ^ t
should remain neutral and retain freedom of action if his misrule leads to
civil war. In that case His Majesty’s Government should reach an nnde-
standing with the de facto ruler of the Yemeni provinces adjoining the Aden
Protectorate and of Hodeidah, and should endeavour to counteract other
fnrpiom influences in these districts.
(52)
Enclosure in Foreign Office covering letter No. P. Z. 5964/37, dated the 8th
September 1937.
Received on 3rd October 1937 with Political Secretary's letter No. 37, dated the
1st September 1937.
Demi-official letter, from Y. Salana Esq., Royal Legation of Saudi
Arabia, London, to Mr. Raggallay, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , London, dated
the 23rd August 1937. Copy No. E. 5078/22/31.
Please find herewith your receipt returned back for the official one.
I also enclose the Arabic Text and its translation of the two sayings of
the Prophet Mohammad which the Minister promised you when he saw you
last Thursday.
Enclosure to S. No. (52).
Quotations from the Authentic Sayings of Mohammad, as given by
Al-Bukhaki in his “Sahih”, Paet IV, PP. 114-115 of the Edition
PRINTED IN CAIEO IN THE YEAH 1348 A. H„ AT “ IdARAT Ae-TiBA’aH
Al-Muneeriyyah
. „ t 36 ; At wer ® told A Isha< l> lhn Muhammad Al-Farawi, that he was
S tLmtnJwi f A M nty ° f Abdullah Ibn Umar, may God be pleased
God be upon Hm of may the mercy and blessings of
Y ° U were one n^tbe 6 ”?^-^ u”? a stru gg le the Jews thi
Abdudah ”L tbem , t0 b ‘ de bebind a stone, it would call out:
andS him ’> GOd) A JeW iS hidin « behind me > c °“
Jareer, on^tLAuthority^f 1 Umarah" Ibn^AlO ’ hat ’ ^ Tu® infOTmed b . v
Abi Zur’a, on the authority of A bi ltj , lb . Ab Q a q a » on the authority of
that the Messenger of God mav the J a ^ ra 9 0< ^ Phased with him,
said A day will come wS lliteSu J fc bleS . ?m S s of God be u pon him,
you will engage in such a struggle with the^ 6 th !, w , crld c °mes to an end)
behind a stone it would call out ■ ‘ n M Je ^ s that were a Jew to hide
come and kill him ’ 0 Musllm A Jew is hiding behind me.

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Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎10v] (25/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x00001a> [accessed 11 November 2019]

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