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Coll 30/18(1) 'Persian Gulf: Bahrein, Customs dues on goods in transit; attitude of Ibn Saud' [‎556v] (1117/1162)

The record is made up of 1 volume (576 folios). It was created in 23 Apr 1920-31 Oct 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Articles 8 to 17, as well as, in general, any differences between States interested 1
regard to the use of the port shall be settled in accordance with the onnrP+io T-l
down by the League of Nations. ' 1 °amtion s l ai( ]
Differences with regard to the execution of works threatening the convenient
of the port or of its approaches shall receive the benefit of an accelerated proced ^
and may be the object of an expression or opinion, or of a provisional decision whidR
may prescribe the suspension or the immediate suppression of the said works wither
prejudice to the ultimate opinion or decision on the case.
Chapter III .—Clauses relating to the Maritza and the Danube.
Article 19. On request being made by one of the riparian States to the Council of
the League of Kations, the Maritza shall be declared an international river, and shall
be subject to the regime of international rivers provided for in Articles 332 to ‘m r
the Treaty of Peace with Germany.
Article 20. On a request being made to the Council of the League of Nations by
any riparian State, the Maritza shall be placed under the administration of an
International Commission, which shall comprise one representative of each riparian
State and one representative of Great Britain, one of France and one of Italy.
Article 21. The European Commission of the Danube reassumes the powers it
possessed before the war. Nevertheless, as a provisional measure, only representatives
of Great Britain, France, Italy and Boumania shall constitute this Commission.
Article 22. Turkey agrees to accept the regime which shall be laid down for the
Danube by a Conference of the Powers nominated by the Allied and Associated Powers,
which shall meet within one year after the coming into force of the present Treaty.
Article 23. Turkey shall be obliged to make to the European Commission of the
Danube all restitutions, reparations and indemnities for damages inflicted on the
Commission during the war.
( hapter IV. Clauses giving to certain States the use of certain Ports.
Article 24. Iree access to the Mediterranean and zEgean Seas is accorded to
I urkey [and free access to the zEgean Sea is accorded to Bulgaria], who with this
object will enjoy freedom of transit over the territories and in the ports severed from
the former Turkish Empire [or from Bulgaria].
Freedom ol transit is the freedom defined in Article 1, until such time os a
General Convention on the subject shall have been concluded between the Allied
and Associated Powers, whereupon the dispositions of the new Convention shall be
substituted therefor.
Special Conventions between the States or Administrations concerned will lay
down, as regards 1 urkey with the assent of the Financial Commission, the conditions
of the exercise of the right accorded above, and will settle in particular the method of
using the ports and the Tree Zones existing in them, the establishment of international
(joint) services and tariffs, including through tickets and waybills, and the maintenance
of the Convention of Berne of the 14th October, 1890, and its supplementary provisions,
until its replacement by a new Convention.
T reedom of transit will extend to postal, telegraphic and telephonic services
Article 23. In the port of Smyrna, Turkey, and in the port of Dedeagatch,
Bulgaria, will be accorded a lease in perpetuity, subject to determination by the League
<jf. Nations, of an area which shall be placed under the general regime of Tree /ones
laid down in Articles 14 to 17 of this Part, and shall be used for the direct transit oi
goods coming from or going to those States.
Jimae zu.
Hie delimitation of these areas, their connection with existing ran „
general all conditions for their utilisation,
. . • J.: „ ~ nr one
their equipment and their exploitation, and in general all conditions for tiieir uun^—;
including the amount of the rental, shall be decided by Commissions consisting o out
rv-l i P /-I J 1 T'v 1 + ^ rlosionatcd
7 0 Cl 11VJ.
Ihese conditions shall be susceptible of revision eyery
Delegate of Turkey or Bulgaria, one Delegate of Greece^nd'onTDelegate designat
by the League of Nations rri 1 ten
years in the same manner
AHu-le 27. The provisions of Article 24 giving to Turkey the right of access 1 ;
the Mediterranean and rEgean Seas by the port of Smyrna shall he apph» w

About this item


This volume contains correspondence between British officials regarding complications around the payment of transit fees to Bahrain (sometimes written as Bahrein in the file) by Saudi Arabia and its precursor states, the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (1926-1932) and the Sultanate of Nejd (1921-27). The correspondence also discusses relations between the two countries generally and the role of Britain.

The correspondence is between officials at the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Foreign Office, Board of Trade, British Legation in Jeddah, Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Bahrain. A limited amount of correspondence is also contained with non-British individuals including the Ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Hamad bin Isa al-Khalifa, some of which is in Arabic (with English translations).

In addition to correspondence, the volume contains occasional extracts from Intelligence Reports compiled by the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Bahrain and the following documents:

The volume includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (576 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 579; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/18(1) 'Persian Gulf: Bahrein, Customs dues on goods in transit; attitude of Ibn Saud' [‎556v] (1117/1162), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3728, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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