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مراسلات متنوعة، تقارير، خرائط وغيرها من الأوراق المتعلقة بالشرق الأوسط [ظ‎‎٩‎٣] (٢٢٠/١٨٧)

محتويات السجل: ملف واحد (١١٠ ورقات). يعود تاريخه إلى ٢٧ أغسطس ١٨٩٣-١٩ ديسمبر ١٩١٨. اللغة أو اللغات المستخدمة: الإنجليزية والفرنسية. النسخة الأصلية محفوظة في المكتبة البريطانية: أوراق خاصة وثائق جُمعت بصفة شخصية. وسجلات من مكتب الهند إدارة الحكومة البريطانية التي كانت الحكومة في الهند ترفع إليها تقاريرها بين عامي ١٨٥٨ و١٩٤٧، حيث خلِفت مجلس إدارة شركة الهند الشرقية. .

نسخ

النسخ مستحدث آليًا ومن المرجّح أن يحتوي على أخطاء.

عرض تخطيط الصفحة

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effective attack was made on Hail in their absence. In late June or early
July, Ibn Saud’s son, Turki, raided Jabal Shammar, and the news may have
hastened Ibn Rashid’s retreat from our frontiers. In September or October
Turki renewed hostilities against some of the Shammar Shaikhs and an allied
section of the Harb, but the affair resulted only in the capture of a small
amount of booty, and Ibn Saud’s doctor, passing through Bahrain, brought
a message to the effect that the Amir could do nothing against the Shammar
as long as the fugitive Ajman remained on his flank. I he true reason for
his inactivity was no doubt his own insecurity at home, but the implacable
hostility which he entertained towards Ajman, whom he regarded not only as
rebels but as the murderers of his brother Saud, threatened to become a problem
of some difficulty.
When Shaikh Mubarak died in December, 1915, Ibn Saud pressed his son
and successor in Kuwait, Jabir, to drive out the Ajman Shaikhs.^ Jabir made
a temperate reply. He was unwilling to eject the Ajman, tearing iliat tiiey
would be thrown into the enemy camp; but he could not hold out against Ibn
Saud’s insistence without creating an open breach and he expelled the tribe
in February, 1916. As he anticipated, they turned for protection first to
Ajaimi and"then to Ibn Rashid, but in May they asked and obtained permis
sion from the Shaikh of Zubair to settle quietly near Safwan, and subsequently
several of the leading Shaikhs made submission to us. When Ibn Rashid
returned to Hail onlv two of the Ajman Shaikhs remained with Ajaimi and
they had little or no'following. Ibn Saud’s ardent desire to direct his ener
gies upon the extermination of this tribe was not one with which we had any
sympathy, at all events at the present juncture.
Shaikh Jabir, new to his office, could not hope to exercise the influence
over Ibn Saud which had been possessed by that practised and weighty diplo
matist his father: moreover for some years before Mubarak’s death relations
between Riyadh and Kuwait had been growing cooler. Ibn Saud bitterly re
sented Mubarak’s attitude during the negotiations between himself and the
Ottoman Government in the spring of 1914. According to his account the
Shaikh had at first counselled him to accept the Turkish offers, but when he
reached Kuwait in April Mubarak changed his note, without explanation, and
advised Ibn Saud not to come to terms with the Turks, refusing, at the same
time, to be present at his meeting with the delegates. So indignant was the
Amir that he expressly stipulated with Captain Shakespear that Mubarak
should not be consulted in the negotiations with ourselves. The asylum given
the Ajman was another grievance, and in 1916 Ibn Saud complained of the
incidence of the transit dues which had been, from time immemorial, levied
in Kuwait.
While Ibn Saud’s anxiety as to the ambitions of the Sharif, and his grow
ing estrangement with Kuwait showed that the chiefs allied with ourselves had
not reached a satisfactory understanding with each other, there was evidence
that the Turks were still active in Arabia. News was received from Ibn Saud
and from other sources of the despatch of an agent (Muhammad) Taufiq Ibn
Fara’un of Damascus, for the purpose of buying camels for the Ottoman Gov
ernment; the emissary was well chosen, for he was a personal friend of Ibn
Saud and had visited Najd on the same business the previous year. But on
this occasion the Amir was pressed by us to prevent him from obtaining camels :
he accordingly arrested Ibn Fara’un, confiscated 700 camels which had been
purchased in the interior and sent them to Kuwait. Various reports, some of
which came from Ibn Saud, indicated that another attempt to stir up Ibn
Rashid against us was in the wind. Rushaid Ibn Lailah, Ibn Rashid’s repre
sentative at Constantinople, joined him at Hail with a few German
and Turkish officers, a small body of Turkish soldiers and some guns; accounts
varied as to the exact composition of the mission, but its presence in Hail in
some form seemed fairly certain. Ibn Saud had written in September that he
would be glad of a personal interview with the Chief Political Officer to dis
cuss the question of co-operation with the Sharif or offensive action against
Ibn Rashid. In October he repeated the request urgently, and on all grounds
it seemed advisable to accede to it. Sir Percy Cox met him at Ojair on Nov
ember 11. Ibn Saud explained to him his position in detail. He had lost
considerably, in men and material, in the fight with Ibn Rashid in January,
1915. Since then he had been almost continuously in the field, first against
the Ajman and then against the Murrah. Most of the normal trade of Najd
was with Syria, and the tribes were accustomed to sell their camels to Damas
cene dealers: the strict blockade imposed by Ibn Saud—the seizure of Ibn
Fara’un’s camels bore witness to its reality—grew more and more galling: the
Najd is grumbled, the tribes were restless, all asked wherein lay the advantage
to themselves of their Chief’s attitude, and it was increasing!v "difficult for him
to keep them in hand. With regard to the Sharif, Sir Percy Cox was able to
give Ibn Saud the fullest reassurance. Our treaty with the Amir had been
communicated to Mecca, and when the Sharif announced to us his intention
of proclaiming himself King of the Arabs on November 5, we had insisted on
a^ formal admission that he claimed no jurisdiction over independent rulers.
r I he news of the coronation at Mecca had not yet reached Central Arabia and
was not discussed. During conversation with the Chief Political Officer at

حول هذه المادة

المحتوى

يحتوي الملف على مراسلات ومذكرات وخرائط وأوراق أخرى تتعلق بشؤون الشرق الأوسط وبضعة مسائل متنوعة أخرى. تتعلق أغلبية الملف بمناقشات ومقترحات للتسوية الخاصة بمناطق الشرق الأدنى بعد الحرب، بما في ذلك تركيا وأرمينيا وجورجيا وسوريا وفلسطين والعراق وشبه الجزيرة العربية. وجرت هذه المناقشات على أساس اتفاقية سايكس بيكو في سنة ١٩١٦.

تشمل المسائل الأخرى التي تتناولها الأوراق الأحداث في سيام [تايلاند]‎ وبورما [ميانمار]‎ والتنافس الاستعماري في المنطقة بين فرنسا وبريطانيا، وسكة حديد بغداد، والعلاقات مع ابن سعود في الجزيرة العربية، بما في ذلك تقرير عن بعثة هاري سانت جون فيلبي إلى نجد في ١٩١٧-١٩١٨ (الأوراق ‎٦٧-٩٨).

الأوراق ‎٩٩-١١٠ عبارة عن ست خرائط مع ملاحظات مرافقة تُظهِر التسويات الإقليمية المختلفة المقترحة ومناطق النفوذ في الشرق الأدنى، وواحدة تظهر الممتلكات الاستعمارية البريطانية العالمية.

المذكرات والمراسلات صادرة عن مسؤولين في وزارة الخارجية ومكتب الهند. ومن بين المتراسلين الآخرين مسؤولون في الحكومتين الفرنسية والإيطالية.

الشكل والحيّز
ملف واحد (١١٠ ورقات)
الترتيب

الملف مرتب ترتيبًا زمنيًا تقريبيًا من بدايته إلى نهايته.

الخصائص المادية

ترقيم الأوراق: يبدأ تسلسل ترقيم الأوراق (المستخدم للأغراض المرجعية) على الجهة الأمامية للمظروف بالرقم ١، وينتهي داخل الصفحة الأخيرة الخلفية بالرقم ١١٠، وهذه الأرقام مكتوبة بالقلم الرصاص ومحاطة بدائرة في أعلى يمين صفحة الوجه الجانب الأمامي للورقة أو لفرخٍ من الورق. كثيرًا ما يشار إليه اختصارًا بالحرف "و". من كل ورقة.

ترقيم الصفحات: يتضمن الملف أيضًا تسلسل ترقيم صفحات أصلي مطبوع.

لغة الكتابة
الإنجليزية والفرنسية بالأحرف اللاتينية
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