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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1712] (229/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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1712
Messrs.
Gray, Paul,
and Co/s
proposals,
1871—75,
Karun. The navigability of the river" hy steam vessels had been
demonstrated in the reign of Muhammad Shah^ but the question of
turning it to account was not seriously discussed until thirty years later,
and more than half a century elapsed between the first ascent of a steam
vessel to Ahwaz and the establishment of regular steam communication
on the river. As will become apparent further on, the navigation of the
Karun was not an end in itself, but was regarded by British merchants
and the British Government, to whom its inception was due, as a step
towards making the markets of central and northern Persia easily
accessible to British trade from the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The same idea was
the parent of various schemes for road or railway communication between
the limit of navigation on the Karun and the north of Persia, which will
be mentioned in their place; and its development was stimulated by the
great activity of Russia, that threatened shortly to place British trade at
a disadvantage throughout the greater part of Persia.
The earliest practical suggestions for steam navigation on the Karun
seem to have emanated from the British firm of Messrs. Gray, Paul, and
Co. at Bushehr, who in July 1871 addressed Colonel Pelly, the Resident
in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , on the subject. The substance of these was that the
Persian Government might be induced to sanction and subsidise the
running of steamers which the firm were prepared, under suitable condi
tions, to place on the Karun between Muhammerah and Shushtar. This
early scheme, with which a railway project was associated, was recom
mended by Colonel Pelly to His Britannic Majesty's Minister at Tehran
and to the Government of India; but it did not secure the favourable
attention of either. Sir C. Alison remarking that the time was unpropi-
tious on account of the famine then prevailing in Persia, for coping
with which all the resources of the Persian Government were required.
As Messrs. Gray. Paul, and Co. were the agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. of
the British India S. N. Co., it may perhaps be inferred that the initia
tive really belonged to that great shipping association.
In June 1873 the question of Karun navigation was raised again bj
a member of the same British firm, in combination with proposals for
road construction ; but again without result.
Two years later, however, British official opinion, influenced by
Russian movements in the direction of Merv, began to veer towards
action in southern Persia; and Lord Northbrook, then Governor-General
of India, wrote m an official minute:— I should be disposed to
encourage and support any substantial proposal for opening out commu
nications between the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the interior of Persia. This

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Content

This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1712] (229/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023514761.0x00001c> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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