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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎204v] (328/336)

The record is made up of 123 folios. It was created in 19 Oct 1896-24 Sep 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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2
Sheikh Saud and Sheikh Subah, sons of the murdered Sheikh Muhammad
Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. , with two younger brothers have complained and appealed to the Sultan,
stating that their father’s murderer was their uncle Mubarak. They also
claimed that their landed and other properties, which have been seized by
Mubarak, may be restored to them as per title deeds they possess. They
furthermore prayed that their uncle may be punished according to the law,
• adding that, if their prayer was refused, they would do what they thought just.
They have engaged two lawyers (from Baghdad and here) who have
succeeded in obtaining an order from the Kazi’s Court to sequester the present
year’s date crops of their father’s gardens, and the Court appointed Haji
Muhammad Chelebi Abdul Vahid, a Member of the Administrative Council,
to be the Receiver.
Haji Muhammad, with an official and followers, went to Fao in a launch,
taking with him the necessary instructions from the Wali to the Mudir of
Fao. The latter, however, took part of Sheikh Mubarak and prevented
Muhammad Chelebi from taking any action in the matter. He afterwards sent
private information to Mubarak through Sheikh Jabir (brother of Mubarak),
whereupon Mubarak despatched to Fao 500 armed men to fight and prevent
Muhammad Chelebi from sequestering the dates which was given to the
“ Sarkars ” (Contractors ?) by Mubarak.
On Muhammad Chelebi’s return to Busrah, several complaints were submit
ted to the Sublime Porte, who enquired from His Excellency the Wali in the
matter.^ His Excellency supported the late Pasha’s sons. His Excellency
also pointed out to the Porte certain benefits that would accrue from support
being given to the sons, and tried to introduce the Porte to establish formal
departments at Koweit and to appoint a Mutasarif and station a battalion of
infantry. He undertook to arrange this matter without difficulty by assisting
the late Pasha’s sons.
It is reported that Sheikh Mubarak has sent thousands of Liras to some
officials at Constantinople and Baghdad to support him in his endeavours to
obtain from the Sublime Porte the recognition of his appointment. But the
Pasha’s sons are trying to punish him as the murderer of their father.
The l$th October 1896. (Sd.) M. Mark.
MEMORANDUM.
Sheikh Saud, second son of the late Sheikh of Koweit (Muhammad Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. ),
who was murdered by Sheikh Mubarak last year, paid me a visit on the 10th
July, Saturday, at 3-30 p.m. Lieutenant Commander Mowbray of H.M.S.
“ Pigeon ” was present at the interview.
The elder brother, Sheikh Subah, was unwell and unable to visit me as he
had originally intended.
Saud is an intelligent looking youth about 20 years of age, but has the
appearance of being rather a weak character.
After the usual compliments I invited him to say anything he had to say,
whereupon he told me that his father had been murdered by Sheikh Mubarak,
adding that he and his brother Subah escaped by flying to the desert and
claiming the protection of some Bedouin Sheikh (he did not mention his name),
who had his brother and himself safely escorted to Dora, the residence of their
uncle Yusuf-bin-Ibrahim Sheikh of that place.
Mubarak seized everything they had, including some date gardens near
Fao.
The sons of the murdered Sheikh appealed to the Sultan for redress, and
requested that the usurper, Mubarak, might be turned out, and that they might
be restored to their position and property.

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The correspondence relates to the Anglo-Turkish Convention and assistance provided by the Shaikhs of Koweit [Kuwait] and Mahommerah [Khorramshahr] in the negotiation process, which results in the decision to bestow the award of KCSI (Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India) on both Shaikhs.

Also discussed are:

  • the negotiations between the Ottoman Government and the Bagdad Railway Company;
  • a request by the Turkish Government for copies of agreements and conventions made by the British Government with Koweit, Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Trucial Chiefs;
  • the decision to also bestow honours of a CSI (Companion of the Order of the Star of India) on Shaikh of Bahrein and CIE (Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire) on Haji Rais, trusted confident and adviser to the Shaikh of Mahommerah.

The principal correspondents include the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Sir Edward Grey), the Secretary of State for India (Viscount Morley of Blackburn, Lord George F Hamilton, and Lord Crewe), the Viceroy of India (Lord Curzon, Earl of Minto), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (Percy Zachariah Cox), the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India (Arthur Henry McMahon), and representatives of the Foreign Office.

Extent and format
123 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence for this description commences at f 86, and terminates at f 208, as part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

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File 1247/1912 Pt 1 'Turkey:- Communication to Turkish Govt of agreement between Gt. Britain and Koweit, Bahrein & Trucial Chiefs. Decorations for Sheiks of Koweit, Mohammerah & Bahrein in connection with Anglo-Turkish Convention.' [‎204v] (328/336), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/262/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100026446595.0x00000e> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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