'Book No. 102' [native letters inward]

IOR/R/15/1/75

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The record is made up of 1 volume (141 folios). It was created in 3 Jan 1837-29 Dec 1837. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

The volume contains full translations of some letters, and the translated substance of other letters addressed to the Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , the originals of which were in Arabic or Persian ['native letters inward'], for the year 1837.

The correspondence falls mainly into two categories:

(1) Letters from British Native Agents based at Bahrein [Bahrain], Lingah [Bandar-e-Lengeh], Muscat, Shargah [Sharjah], and Shiraz.

(2) Letters from local rulers in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Those who figure most prominently include: Sultan bin Suggur [Sulṭān bin Saqr], Chief of Ras el Khymah [Ra's al-Khaymah]; Sheikh Abdollah bin Ahmed [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Aḥmad Āl Khalīfah], Chief of Bahrein; Sheikh Kulufa bin Shakboot [Khalīfah bin Shakhbūt], Chief of Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi]; Sheikh Abdur Rahaman bin Suggur [‘Abd al-Rahman bin Saqr], Chief of Kishm [Qeshm]; Sheikh Maktoom [Maktūm bin Buṭṭī], Chief of Debay [Dubai]; Sheikh Nassir [Nāṣir], Governor of Bushire, and the Imam of Muscat [Sa‘īd bin Sultān Āl Sa‘īd].

The correspondence concerns maritime peace and acts of piracy; trade; movements of East India Company naval vessels and other ships; the dispatch of correspondence; and local affairs, including the military operations in Nedg [Najd] of Shaikh Khalid [Khalid bin Saud] against Sheikh Fysul [Fayṣul, the Wahhabi Chief], with the assistance of Mahomed Ally Pasha [Muḥammad ‘Alī Pāshā], Ruler of Egypt, and the expedition of Sheikh Kulufa bin Shakboot against Adeed [Khor al-Udaid].

Specific topics include:

  • an approach by Sultan bin Suggur, Chief of Ras el Khymah, to renew the existing maritime truce [the Maritime Truce of 1835] (folios 27-28);
  • news of the capture of Mombassa [Mombasa] by the Imam of Muscat (folio 29);
  • news of the defeat of Sheikh Fysul in Nedg by Shaikh Khalid (folio 30);
  • correspondence concerning the export of horses from Persia to Bombay, (folios 33-34);
  • correspondence concerning Egyptian forces in Nedgd [Najd] (folios 34-36);
  • reports submitted by the Agents at Bahrein and Shargah on the trade of those areas (folios 130-132).
Extent and format
1 volume (141 folios)
Arrangement

The correspondence is arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 133, the last folio of the main run of text, but note that some text written in pencil also appears on the last folio before the back cover. The numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle and appear in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. Foliation anomalies: ff 1, 1A, ff 93, 93A. This is the system used to determine the sequence of pages.

Pagination: the volume also contains a pagination sequence, numbered 1-261, written in ink and latterly pencil (folios 2-132). The numbers appear in the top right corners of the rectos and top left corners of the versos.

Condition: the volume has suffered some damage to the edges of pages, involving slight loss of text. However, the damage does not anywhere impair the sense of the text.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/75
Former external reference(s)
Volume 102

History of this record

Date(s)
3 Jan 1837-29 Dec 1837 (CE, Gregorian)

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'Book No. 102' [native letters inward], British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/75, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x000030> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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