Kitāb Mānālāwus fī al-ashkāl al-kurrīyah كتاب مانالاوس في الأشكال الكرية Menelaus of Alexandria مانالاوس

Or 13127

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+55+ii. It was created in 4 Rabī‘ II 548. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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An early copy of Aḥmad ibn Abī Sa‘d al-Harawī's (أحمد بن أبي سعد الهروي; d. ca AD 1000) revised edition of the Arabic translation of Menelaus of Alexandria's (fl. ca AD 100) Greek treatise on spherical trigonometry known as Kitāb fī al-ashkāl al-kurrīyah (كتاب في الأشكال الكرية) or simply as Kitāb al-ukar (كتاب الأكر; Sphaericorum ), based on an earlier translation by Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ‘Īsá al-Māhānī (أبو عبد الله محمد بن عيسى الماهاني; d. ca 888).

This copy was completed at Damascus on 4 Rabī‘ II 548/29 June 1153 by Isma‘īl (إسمعيل), who copied the text from a manuscript owned by the mathematician Najm al-Dīn Abū al-Futūḥ ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Sarī ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (d. 548/1154; see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. of f. 51r, transcribed below). The marginalia contain many comments by Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ.

Contents:

  • Introduction of Aḥmad ibn Abī Sa‘d al-Harawī (ff. 1v-2r);
  • Book 1 or Prolegomena (المقدمات; ff. 2r-36r);
  • Book 2 (المقالة الثانية من كتاب منالاوس في الكريات; ff. 36v-45r);
  • Book 3 (المقالة الثالثة من كتاب منالاوس في الكريات; ff. 45v-51r);
  • 90 spherical figures headed 'Figures of the Book of Spheres by Menelaus, transcribed from an uncorrected copy but translated according to the first edition' (أشكال كتاب الأكر لمنالاوس نقل من نسخة لم يصلح بل ترجمت على الوضع الأول); these are the same figures as those found in the main text (ff. 51v-55r);
  • Eight lines of text concerning scholastic theology ( kalām ) in response to a passage from al-Sayyid al-Sharīf ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī al-Ḥusaynī al-Jurjānī's (1340-1413) Kitāb al-mawāqif fī ‘ilm al-kalām and some notes on fractions of dry measures (the qadaḥ and ardabb ) both in the hand of their author Fatḥ al-Dīn ibn Muẓaffar al-Ṣiddīqī, writing at a study meeting ( ḥalqah ; or perhaps in seclusion [ khalwah ]) at the Mosque of Sulṭān al-Ghūrī in Cairo, in 915 AH/AD 1509-10 (f. 55v).

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-5):

كتاب مانالاوس في الأشكال الكرية

قال أحمد بن أبي سعيد الهرّوي إن الطريقة التي سلكها مانالاوس في هذا الكتاب

عجيبة لم يسبق إليها ولا عرف لأحد من المتقدمين في هذا المعنى شيئًا بتةً فترى أنّه

استشعر أن نوع هذا العم من الهندسة مفرد برأسه ...

Ends (f. 51r, lines 1-5):

د من و

متى كانت النسبة من أصغر

إلى أعظم ومتى كان يد صلع

مربع أو به ضلع مربع وذلك

ما أردنا أن يبين

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 51r, lines 6-14):

تمت المقالة الثالثة من كتاب منالاوس

في الأشكال الكرية وتم الكتاب بأسره

وذلك في يوم الأثنين رابع ربيع الآخر سنة

ثمان وأربعين وخمس مائة للهجرة النبوية

الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلواته على سيدنا محمد النبي وآله الطاهرين وسلم تسليمًا

حسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل

قال إسمعيل نسخت هذه النسخة بدمشق من نسخة سيدنا الشيخ الأجل

الإمام العالم الفاضل الزاهد نجم الدين سيد الحكماء بديع

الزمان أبي الفتوح أحمد بن السري أطال الله بقاه وحرس نعماه

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. to the figures (f. 55r, lines 1-2):

تمت أشكال كتاب كريات منالاوس وهي تسعون شكلًا

الحمد لله وحده وصلوته على محمد وآله وسلم تسليمًا

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. ii+55+ii
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 225 x 160 mm leaf [160 x 113 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: No ruling visible; 17 lines per page; vertical spacing 11 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black ink faded to brown

Decoration: The text (ff. 1v-51r) contains 118 spherical figures

Binding: British Museum binding

Condition: Extensive water damage rarely causing illegibility; the folios have been rebound on guards

Marginalia: Corrections; paragraph numeration; and notes on the text attributed to Najm al-Dīn Abū al-Futūḥ ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Sarī ibn al-Ṣalāḥ

Seals: Two seals on f. 1r

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 13127

History of this record

Date(s)
4 Rabī‘ II 548 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Context of creation

Damascus

Provenance

This copy was completed at Damascus on 4 Rabī‘ II 548/29 June 1153 by Isma‘īl (إسمعيل), presumably a student of the mathematician Najm al-Dīn Abū al-Futūḥ ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Sarī ibn al-Ṣalāḥ (d. 548/1154) whose copy of the text he made his transcription from (see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. of f. 51r).

The title page (f. 1r) contains at least one owner's inscription and two seals (from top down):

  • Imām Ḥusayn (?; rest of name illegible): his inscription, undated;
  • Anonymous seal, possibly dated but numerals not legible, inscribed 'There is no power except God (لا قوة إلا الله)';
  • Muṣṭafá Ṣidqī: his seal, dated but date illegible.

Folio 55v bears a note by Fatḥ al-Dīn ibn Muẓaffar al-Ṣiddīqī, written at the Mosque of Sulṭān al-Ghūrī in Cairo, in 915 AH/AD 1509-10.

Related material

Related primary sources

Leiden, MS Or. 399

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Kitāb Mānālāwus fī al-ashkāl al-kurrīyah كتاب مانالاوس في الأشكال الكرية Menelaus of Alexandria مانالاوس, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 13127, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000038406.0x000001> [accessed 25 May 2019]

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