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'PERSIAN GULF AND GULF OF OMAN. RESOURCES AND COAST DEFENCES.' [‎18] (24/114)

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The record is made up of 56 folios. It was created in 1903. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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18 persian gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .—resources and defences.
Supplies. Water. —Fresh water in good wells is plentiful. The best
well is close to the hills on the E. side, about 400 yards from
the beach.
Food. —The valley, owing 1 to the presence of Avater for
irrigation, is well cultivated. Corn, dates, vegetables, &c. are
grown.
Defences. There is a " fort" near the centre of the date grove in which
the town lies ; it contains the Sheikh's house.
There are two towers on the sandy beach in front of the
town.
On the western rocky point, overlooldng the bay, is a small
square tower.
Note. —Years ago it was suggested that Khasab, in British
hands, might become an important trading centre. It is stated
that the heat is not felt so severely here as in Khor-ash-S11em.
THE "PIEATE COAST."
The so-called " Pirate Coast " may be said to extend from
Ras Sheikh Masud (close W. of Khasab) to AJ Wakra on the
E. side of AI Katr promontory, which is the S. limit of Turkish
influence.
From S. of Bokha* to Abu Thabi (both on the W. side of
the great tongue of land which terminates in the Musandam
Promontory) the coast is ruled by the Jowasmi " Trucial Chiefs/'
who have been under treaty obligations to Great Britain since
the suppression of piracy in this part of the Gulf.f
The coast from Abu Thabi to Al Wakra has no permanent
population, but is under the influence of the " Trucial Chiefs."
It should be noted that that portion of the El Hatineh coast
between Khor Kalba and Dibba is recognised to be subject to
the Sheikh of Sharjah, one of the " Trucial Chiefs ,r (see p. 14).
** E,as-al-Khaima is, properly speaking, the N.E. limit of the Jowasmi
tribes, but the Shihooh tribesmen in the villages between Ras-al-Khaima-
and Bokha acknowledge the jurisdiction of the Sheikh of the former
place. The main body of the Shihooh tribe (to the N. and E- of Bokha^)
is subject to the Sultan of Oman.
f The expedition of 1819 against the Jowasmi pirates resulted in the
General Treaty of 1820, by which the Arabs bound themselves to abandon
piracy. This treaty was replaced by the u Maritime Truce " of 1835, by
which the Arabs were precluded from engaging in hostilities at sea, on the
understanding that Great Britain would not interfere with their wars by
land. This truce, originally renewable every six months, was mad©
perpetual in 185^. It is strictly enforced at the present day.

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Printed report published by the Intelligence Department of the Admiralty, 1903. The report includes advice on collecting information on defences such as defended areas, minefields, ordnance, under-water defences. Much of the information was extracted from the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Report, 1898.

There are details on Muscat; Mussandam Promontory; Khor Kawi [Khawr al Quway‘], Elphinstone Inlet [Khawr ash Shamm], Khasab; Pirate Coast; Bahrain; Kuwait; Fao [Al Fāw]; Basra; Bushire; Lingah; Bundar Abbas [Bandar Abbas].

Also included is an 'Official statement of British Policy with regard to (1) the proposed Baghdad Railway; and (2) Persia and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. generally' given in the House of Lords, May 5, 1903.

Maps include: rough sketch of operations in the vicinity and Bushire from the 3rd to the 10th February 1857 (Reproduced from Outram's Persian Campaign 1857); sketch of the attack on the batteries of Mohumra [Khorramshahr]: combined naval and military forces under command of Sir James Outram; sketch of the ground in the neighbourhood of Ahwaz [Ahvāz] on the Karun [Kārūn], showing the position occupied by the Persian Army, and the advance of the British detachment upon the town, March 1857. At the back of the report there is a large fold-out map: General Outline Map of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. showing Submarine Cables and the Principal Places mentioned in the Report.

Extent and format
56 folios
Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and ends on a map that is stored in a sleeve at the back of the volume, on number 57.

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English in Latin script
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'PERSIAN GULF AND GULF OF OMAN. RESOURCES AND COAST DEFENCES.' [‎18] (24/114), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C74, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023505852.0x00001a> [accessed 14 December 2018]

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