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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎311r] (52/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and muskat political agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for 1879-80. 41
The Amir Su^ood distrusting the sincerity of the J tJttoobee Chiefs
A D 1811- of Bahrain, Selman and 'Abdullah, in
vited them to Der'eyyah on pretence of
wishing to confer, and detaining- them there, placed an agent of his own
in charge of the Bahrain Islands. Subsequently, in 1811, the Sultan of
Muskat sent a force to Bahrain which, effecting- a landing, captured the
Wahabee officers stationed there. Thereupon Su'ood released the 'Ut-
c,, m • -i toobee Shaikhs, on receivnio* assnranopi
fGovernment Selection and Mengm.J „ 4. J . -i ^ CiViU & ^^uiduces
L . ot payment of tribute, and they suc
ceeded in recovering the islands.
; Abdullah, the son of Su'ood, about this period led an expedition to
[Mengin.] within a few marches of Baghdad plun
dering the villages and carrying off
the cattle.
Friendly communications were exchanged between the Shah of
Persia and the Wahabee Amir, the former having sent an Envoy to
[Mengin.] request safe passage for his subjects pro
ceeding to M ecca through Nejd.
On his return from the last mentioned expedition into 'Irak, Su'ood
had made a fourth pilgrimage to Mecca in 1810, and on his homeward
march he visited Medina. On this occasion the Amir went so far in
the display of sectarian zeal as to cause the tomb of the Prophet to be
A D 1810 opened and the rich jewels and precious
relics it contained to be sold or distri
buted amongst his soldiery. This sacrilegious proceeding excited the
indignation of the Mohammedan world generally, and in no small degree
contributed to bring about the disasters which subsequently befell the
Wahabees.
The task of punishing the Wahabees was committed by the Turkish
Government to the able Viceroy cf
Egypt, Mohammed 'Ali Pasha, who in
the year 1811 despatched an army under his son Tousoun Pasha, and
Mecca was recovered from the Wahabees without any resistance. The
Amir Su'ood, however, collected a force of 15,000 men under the com
mand of his son 'Abdullah, and on the army of Tousoun Pasha advancing
r . further inland, it was attacked in the
eilDl mountain defiles by the Wahabees and
defeated. At this juncture Su'ood endeavoured to conciliate the Persian
r ~ i. 0 , Government, and sent an Envoy for the
LOovernment Selection.! . 01 • ^ tt i a
purpose to Shiraz. He also made over
tures for an alliance with the British Government, which were rejected.
Under Tousoun Pasha the Egyptian forces had made no impression,
having advanced only as far as Tayif, "Garden of Mecca/' and 4,000
out of 8,000 regular troops had perished. But Mohammed 'Ali attached
much importance to a successful issue of the operations against the
Wahabees, considering that his influence at the Porte would thereby be
much strengthened; so on hearing of his son's failure, he determined to
proceed in person to Arabia. Proceeding by sea to Jiddah, he landed at
A D 1813 that place on the 28th of August 1813,
. * and pushing on to Mecca, at once seized
L engin,J the Shereef Ghalib, whom he distrusted,
a nd sent him a prisoner to Cairo.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [Wahhābī] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎311r] (52/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000036> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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