Skip to item: of 578
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎211] (228/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

In spite of this public affront it was still deemed desirable, before
proceeding to extremities, to give Slier Ali a lomis posnitentioe. An
ultimatum was accordingly addressed to him, threatening him with war
unless, by the 20th November, he signified his willingness to comply
with the demands of the British Government. No answer having been
received by the prescribed date, British troops crossed the frontier on
the 21st November by three main lines of advance, via Kandahar, the
Kurram and the Khyber.
The Afghans were everywhere defeated, the principal action of the
campaign being fought at the Paiwar Kotal on the 2nd December.
Shortly after this engagement Sher Ali, with the remaining members
of the Russian mission, fled from his capital towards Turkistan, leaving
his son Yakub Khan as regent at Kabul.
Communications passed between Yakub and the British officers, but
the British troops continued to advance till, towards the end of January
1879, they were in military occupation of a great part of Afghanistan.
News having been received that Sher Ali had died at Mazar-i-Sharif
in February 1879, negotiations were opened with Yakub Khan, which
ended in the Treaty of Gandamak (No. VI), signed in May. This
provided, amongst other things, that the districts of Kurram, Sibi and
Pishin should be assigned districts, and should remain under British
administration, any surplus of revenue over expenditure being handed
over to the Amir. It was also arranged that the British Government
should retain the control of the Khyber and Michni passes, and of all
relations with the independent tribes inhabiting the territory diiectly
connected with those passes.
Article 4 of the treaty further provided for the residence at Kabul
of a British Agent ; and Sir Louis Cavagnari, accompanied by Biitish
officers and a suitable escort, was appointed to this post. He held it till
the lamentable outbreak of the 3rd September 1879, when he and nearly
all the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. staff and establishment were massacred by the
mutinous regiments in the Amir’s service.
The British forces were once more put in motion to avenge this
outrage, and before the close of October were again in military occupa
tion of a great part of Afghanistan. Yakub Khan having voluntarily
abdicated after this signal proof of his inability to control his ovn rebel
lious subjects, the British Government undertook the task of establishing
som® stable administration in the country. Yakub Khan asked to be
sent to India: and in December 1879 he left Kabul. He was first sent
to Meerut, and thence to Dehra Dun, where he resided until his. death
in 1923.
After full consideration it was deemed advisable to erect Kandahar
and its dependencies into a separate principality, of which Saidai Shei

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎211] (228/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 September 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [&lrm;211] (228/578)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image