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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎10r] (24/566)

The record is made up of 1 volume (281 folios). It was created in 1910-1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Dated 11th June 1914.
Pol. 2255.
(Immediate.)
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Whitehall,
29th June 1914.
Sir,
In forwarding for the information of the
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs enclosed copy
of a telegram'^' from the Government of India, the
Secretary of State for India desires to offer the
following observations upon the measures recom
mended by them for the rehabilitation of British
interests in South Persia.
2. The Marquess of Crewe agrees with the
Government of India that these measures, initiated
and carried out in the spirit which animates His
Majesty’s Government, would not only be fully
compatible with, but would tend actively to
promote, the independence and integrity of Persia.
But he is constrained to admit that they would not
generally be so regarded, while they might easily
furnish a pretext to the Russian Government for
the initiation of similar measures in a contrary
spirit. These considerations must be faced from
the outset, but need not be deterrent.
3. It may be more difficult to reconcile the
proposed measures with the other obligations of
His Majesty’s Government. It is obvious that they
could not be undertaken without a previous under
standing with Russia, and her probable attitude
may be inferred from the reproach made in
connexion with the Trans-Persian Railway, that
His Majesty’s Government seemed to be seeking a
monopoly (of railway construction) in the neutral
sphere. Thus the whole question of the Con
vention might be raised, and proposals for the
enlargement of the British sphere be forced
upon us.
4. As regards that contingency, Lord Crewe
shares the objections felt by the Government of
India to raising the question of abolishing the
neutral sphere. Apart from considerations of
enlarged responsibilities, increased expense, and
possible effect on Moslem sentiment, British com
mercial and political interests are so distributed
over the neutral sphere as to make relinquish
ment of any portion of it to Russia difficult and
hazardous. .
An examination of the map will render discus
sion of this point superfluous, but it is clearly not
probable that it will be accepted by Russia. The
object of His Majesty s Government should, there
fore, be to secure our position in the Gulf and the
The Under Secretary of State,
Foreign Office.
S. 245.

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Content

Correspondence including telegrams, hand written letters and printed enclosures, discusses an attack by a Turkish gun-boat on a village - Zain, belonging to the Shaikh of Mohammerah - which lay on the Turkish bank of the Shatt al-Arab waterway. The correspondence outlines the circumstances that led to the quarrel between the Turkish authorities and the Sheikh of Mohammerah, and suggestions that the Porte should be urged to replace the Wali of Basrah with a less aggressive official.

Correspondence discusses the proposal to give the Shaikh of Mohammerah assurances against naval attack, whatever the pretext for such action; letters and telegrams also discuss the award of a decoration (Knight Commander of the Indian Empire) to the Shaikh of Mohammerah.

A letter (dated 7 December 1913) from Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , outlines the Government of India's interests in Arabistan including: the oil fields and their future; irrigation; railway enterprises; telegraphs; Russian and German activity.

Correspondents include Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Sir Gerard Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople; Charles Murray Marling, Ambassador to Tehran; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign affairs; Francis Edward Crow, H M Consul at Bussorah [Basra]; Arnold Talbot Wilson, H M Consul at Mohammerah; Shaikh Khazal bin Jabir, Shaikh of Mohammerah; Wali of Bussorah; Viceroy of India.

Extent and format
1 volume (281 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah: situation) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 278; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The folio sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one ending flyleaf.

An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel throughout; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

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English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎10r] (24/566), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030525713.0x000019> [accessed 16 December 2019]

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