Letters to Lewis Pelly from colleagues in the Gulf and others.

Mss Eur F126/45

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The record is made up of 1 file, 53 items (132 folios). It was created in 1863-1873. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

Correspondence relating to Lewis Pelly's work as Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , including a few letters written after Pelly's departure from the Gulf providing him with news and updates on situations as he was, until late 1873, expected to return to his position at Bushire.

The correspondence focuses largely on Muscat and includes a number of letters from British individuals posted to the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. there during this period including Herbert Disbrowe, George Lucas, George Andrew Atkinson and Edward Charles Ross. The correspondence discusses the death of the Sultan, Said bin Thuwaini in 1866 who was alleged to have been murdered by his son and heir Salim II bin Thuwaini, Salim's struggles to maintain power and control including his relations with the Omani tribes and the threat from his uncle Said Turki who took control of Muscat from Salim and was named Sultan in 1868.

Other matters discusses include British relations with Persia, in particular the difficulties the residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. faced from Persian officials in Bushire, British officials travels through Persia and news of famines and illnesses affecting Persian towns and cities, this correspondence is primarily from Oliver St John and Ronald Ferguson Thomson who were both based in Tehran.

From March to July 1872 the Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Charles Grant, was posted to Bahrain to act as agent there following concerns over Turkish attempts to assert claims to some towns and areas on the Arab coastline of the Gulf and there are seven letters from Grant detailing his time in Bahrain and reporting primarily on the Steamers and Naval vessels calling there, British relations with the locals and the movements of Turkish individuals and vessels in the area.

Other matters discussed in the volume include trade in the Gulf and more specifically at Bushire, famines and illnesses throughout the Gulf region; the various mail steamers and naval vessels travelling through the Gulf; relations between the various Arab Chiefs and the question of the sovereignty of Gwadar.

As many of the correspondents were friends of Pelly's the letters also contain personal observations and news of family and mutual friends.

Extent and format
1 file, 53 items (132 folios)
It is grouped into
Arrangement

The correspondence has been arranged chronologically.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The file has been foliated with a pencil number enclosed in a circle located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. Some letters have been refoliated and the foliation numbers which are no longer in use have been crossed through, there is also no folio 86.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Archival file

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Mss Eur F126/45

History of this record

Date(s)
1863-1873 (CE, Gregorian)

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Letters to Lewis Pelly from colleagues in the Gulf and others., British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/45, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/node/500> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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